Ingredients

*Ingredients from certified organic cultivation **Natural essential oils ** Organic essential oils ***Ingredients from essential oils

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A

Acetylated Glycol Stearate
An ester with emollient properties for the skin and hair.
Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil*
Baobab natural organic oil, excellent moisturizer for the skin. Promotes rejuvenation of skin cells. Prevents the skin from free radical damage.
Alcohol
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. Of those, ethanol (C2H5OH) is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, and in common speech the word alcohol means, specifically, ethanol. The most common method to produce alcohol is by fermentation of sugars (eg the sugar of the grapes is transformed by fermentation into ethanol to make wine). Ethanol is geneally avoided in cosmetic formulations. It is not a harmful ingredient but if it is used in high percentage can dry the skin as it forms azeotropes with water. In our formulations is used in After Shave Balm for sanitation of the skin. It can also be found in traces in a few other formulations. In this case it is carried through other ingredients of the cosmetic formulation.
Alcohol Denat
Alcohol Denat. is the generic term used by the cosmetics industry to describe denatured alcohol. Alcohol Denat. and various specially denatured (SD) alcohols are used as cosmetic ingredients in a wide variety of products.
Allantoin
It is used in hand creams, hand lotions, hair lotions, after save lotions, and other skin soothing cosmetics because of its ability to help heal wounds and skin ulcers and to stimulate the growth of healthy tissue.
Aloe balbadensis Leaf Juice*
The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens. The Plant Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine. Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera”s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot. Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.
Aloe barbadensis (leaf juice) extract*
The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens. The Plant Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine. Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera”s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot. Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.
Aloe Barbadensis (Leaf Juice) Gel*
The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens. The Plant Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine. Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera”s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot. Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.
Aloe barbadensis extract (Aloe Vera extract)*
The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens. The Plant Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine. Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera”s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot. Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.
Alumina
Also known as Aluminum Oxide aluminum is the third most common element in the earth’s crust. Alumina serves as an insoluble carrier for mineral pigments. Alumina is not absorbed through the skin and is approved for use in Natural and Organic personal care.
Aluminum Tristearate
A natural derived material whιch acts as a viscosity controlling and emulsion stabilizing agent. It has also lubricating properties.
Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Water*
Chamomile organic water, soothes, calms and hydrates sensitive skin.
Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil*
Argan oil is a plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree (Argania spinosa L.) that is endemic to Morocco. It is used for nutritive and cosmetic properties.Cosmetic UsesUnroasted argan oil is traditionally used as a treatment for skin diseases and as a cosmetic oil for skin and hair: “In cosmetics, argan oil is advocated as moisturizing oil, against juvenile acne and flaking of the skin as well as for nourishing the hair. This oil has also medicinal uses against rheumatism and the healing of burns … Externally, argan oil is used … for hair as brilliantine, to fortify and … in the treatment of wrinkled or scaly dry skin”. Argan oil has become increasingly popular for cosmetic use. Since Argan oil is full of vitamins and antioxidants, it is commonly used in hair shampoos and conditioners to repair damage caused by coloring and straightening treatments, hair care tools, and even the sun.
Arginine
Arginine is a conditionally nonessential amino acid, meaning most of the time it can be manufactured by the human body, and does not need to be obtained directly through the diet. The biosynthetic pathway however does not produce sufficient arginine, and some must still be consumed through diet. Individuals who have poor nutrition or certain physical conditions may be advised to increase their intake of foods containing arginine. Arginine is found in a wide variety of foods, including: * Vegetable sources: wheat germ and flour, buckwheat, granola, oatmeal, nuts (coconut, pecans, cashews, walnuts, almonds, Brazil nuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts, peanuts), seeds (pumpkin, sesame, sunflower), chick peas, cooked soybeans * Animal sources: dairy products (e.g. cottage cheese, ricotta, milk, yogurt, whey protein drinks), beef, pork (e.g. bacon, ham), poultry (e.g. chicken and turkey light meat), wild game (e.g. pheasant, quail), seafood (e.g. halibut, lobster, salmon, shrimp, snails, tuna) Arginine has an anti-inflammatory activity but also a “rehydrating and normalizing” effect. When combined with glycolic acid delivers all the benefits associated with alphahydroxy acids including exfoliation, increased cell turnover, skin firming and reduced hyperpigmentation. But arginine does this without the stinging, itching and burning often associated with acid resurfacing.
Aroma (Flavor)
it is a substance that provides a product with organoleptic characteristics such as these of scent and/ or flavor.
Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract*
The broken coat of oats. Oat flower makes a bland ointment for cosmetic treatments, including soothing baths.

B

Behenyl Alcohol
A co-emulsifier and viscosity controler.
Benzyl Alcohol
It is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. Benzyl alcohol is used as a Mild bacteriostatic preservative at low concentration in intravenous medications.
Benzyl Benzoate***
Allergen naturally occurred in natural essential oils and perfumes
Benzyl Salicylate
Allergen naturally occurred in natural essential oils and perfumes
Benzyl Salicylate***
Allergen naturally occurred in natural essential oils and perfumes
Beta-carotene
Precursor of vitamin A, improves the appearance of dry or damaged skin.
Betaine
A natural skin and hair conditioning. Prevents static electricity from building-up. A foam and viscosity booster.
Biotin
Biotin, also known as Coenzyme R, Vitamin B7 or Vitamin H is a water soluble vitamin that is found naturally in food. In cosmetics and personal care products, Biotin is used primarily in the formulation of hair conditioners, grooming aids, shampoos and moisturizing agents. Biotin improves the texture of creams and adds body and shine to hair. Biotin has moisturizing and smoothing properties and can also help improve brittle nails. Widely used in food and vitamin supplements, Biotin plays a role in cell growth. Biotin deficiency may lead to hair loss, skin rash, high cholesterol and heart problems. Nuts, liver, soybeans and fish are rich dietary sources of Biotin.
Bisabolol
Naturally occurs in chamomile. It is an anti-irritant. The CIR Expert Panel concludes this is a safe ingredient in the present practices of use and concentration.
Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine
Organic UV filter.
Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane
It is a white or pale yellow synthetic compound. It is used as a UVA absorber in sunscreen products. It has been safely and extensively used in cosmetics and sunscreens for decades.
Butylene glycol
It is a chemical compound (1,3-butanediol)—a colorless organic alcohol used in the following ways: as a solvent (helps other products dissolve in water),as a viscosity-decreasing agent (to thin creams and gels so they’re easier to use), and as a conditioning agent. You can find it listed on the product labels of hair care products, moisturizers, foundations, sunscreens, eye creams, mascaras, and more. It’s also used as a food additive to add flavoring—it has a sweet flavor and a bitter aftertaste—and in the manufacture of polyester plasticizers, structural material for boats, custom moldings, and sheets and boards for construction. When placed on the skin or ingested, butylene glycol is absorbed and broken down into “gamma-hydroxybutryic acid,” a naturally occurring compound found in humans.
Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicarpate
It is a skin friendly neutral oil component. It has a high spreadability, a low viscosity, and gives a very good skin feeling. With a high SPF as it is a very good solvent for uv-filters.
Butyrospermum parkii (Shea) butter*
The natural fat obtained from the fruit of karite tree, Butyrospermum parkii. Also called karite butter, it is widely used in moisturizers, suntan gels and creams, cleansing products, indoor tanning preparations, hair conditioners, hair tonics and lipsticks. Shea Butter is traditionally used in Africa not only as cooking oil but also as an anti-inflammatory for sprains and arthritis, healing salve and lotion for hair and skin care. Recently in clinical trials, Shea Butter was found to moisturize the epidermis and help to prevent wrinkle formation, soothe irritated skin and protect skin against climate and UV aggressions. Shea Butter also enhances cell regeneration and capillary circulation, which helps prevent and minimize stretch marks, inflammations, and scarring. The Plant – Shea Nut Butyrospermum parkii, Shea or Shea nut, (syn. Vitellaria paradoxa, B. paradoxa) is a tree indigenous to Africa, occurring in Mali, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Burkina Faso and Uganda. The shea fruit consists of a thin, tart, nutritious pulp that surrounds a relatively large, oil-rich seed from which is extracted shea butter. Shea trees take approximately 31 years to reach maturity. A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. A number of steps are required to process the seed and obtain shea butter. First, the outer pulp is removed. Second, the shea nut is shelled; historically, shelling is done by mortar and pestle or by crushing the shell with stones; however, the Universal Nut Sheller is an appropriate technology that reduces a significant amount of labor involved in shelling shea. Once shelled, the seed is then roasted and either ground down or pressed to extract the oils that make shea butter.
Butyrospermum parkii butter (Karite butter)*
Natural shea butter. Skin and hair conditioning agent, that enhances the smooth appearance and texture of skin and hair.

C

C10-18 Triglycerides
Naturally derived, promotes skin hydration and softness.
C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate
This ingredient is en ester of benzoic acid with long-chain (C12-15) alcohols. Mainly used as an emollient and thickening agent. It provides a light conditioning and silky after touch to the skin and hair. Excellent UV solubilizer in cosmetic creams.
C12-20 acid peg-8 ester
It is a polyethylene glycol ester of a synthetic mixture of saturatedacids containing 12 to 20 carbons in the alkyl chain with an average of 8 moles of ethylene oxide.
Caffeine
An odorless white powder that occurs naturally in the coffee, cola, guarana paste, tea and kola nuts. It is used as a stimulant and flavoring, to aid ingredients to penetrate in the skin, and to stimulate the skin.
Calendula Officinalis (Marigold) Flower Extract*
It is a plant known as pot marigold. A number of ingredients used in cosmetics and personal care products are made from Calendula officinalis. It is used in cosmetics and personal care products as skin conditioning agent. Also functions as fragrance ingredient.
Calendula officinalis flower extract
Extract of marigold has a soothing effect, is anti-inflammatory and stimulates cell renewal. The Plant – Calendula Plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the area from Macaronesia east through the Mediterranean region to Iran. It is the flower of the month October. The name Calendula stems from the Latin kalendae, meaning first day of the month, presumably because pot marigolds are in bloom at the start of most months of the year. The common name marigold probably refers to the Virgin Mary, or its old Saxon name ymbglidegold , which means it turns with the sun. Marigolds are considered by many gardening experts as one of the most versatile flowers to grow in a garden, especially since it is easy to grow. Seeds sown in the spring, in most soils, will germinate freely in sunny or half-sunny locations. They do best, however, if planted in sunny locations with rich, well-drained soil. The leaves are spirally arranged, 5-18 cm long, simple, and slightly hairy. The flower heads range from pastel yellow to deep orange, and are 3-7 cm across, with both ray florets and disc florets. They have a spicy aroma and are produced from spring to autumn in temperate climates. It is recommended to deadhead (removal of dying flower heads) the plants regularly to maintain even blossom production. The ointment of this herb is thought to cure a range of skin problems from burns to acne as it has properties that reduces inflammation, controls bleeding and soothes irritated tissue. Use internally or topically for minor wounds, eczemas and cysts as well as diaper rash and cradle cap in infants. Also, when planted near tomato plants in the garden, Marigolds help to reduce the presence of aphids. Marigold petals are considered edible. They are often used to add color to salads, and marigold extract is commonly added to chicken feed to produce darker egg yolks. Their aroma, however, is not sweet, and resembles the smell of hops in beer. The oil from its seed contains calendic acid.
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract*
Extract of marigold has a soothing effect, is anti-inflammatory and stimulates cell renewal. The Plant – Calendula Plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the area from Macaronesia east through the Mediterranean region to Iran. It is the flower of the month October. The name Calendula stems from the Latin kalendae, meaning first day of the month, presumably because pot marigolds are in bloom at the start of most months of the year. The common name marigold probably refers to the Virgin Mary, or its old Saxon name ymbglidegold, which means it turns with the sun. Marigolds are considered by many gardening experts as one of the most versatile flowers to grow in a garden, especially since it is easy to grow. Seeds sown in the spring, in most soils, will germinate freely in sunny or half-sunny locations. They do best, however, if planted in sunny locations with rich, well-drained soil. The leaves are spirally arranged, 5-18 cm long, simple, and slightly hairy. The flower heads range from pastel yellow to deep orange, and are 3-7 cm across, with both ray florets and disc florets. They have a spicy aroma and are produced from spring to autumn in temperate climates. It is recommended to deadhead (removal of dying flower heads) the plants regularly to maintain even blossom production. The ointment of this herb is thought to cure a range of skin problems from burns to acne as it has properties that reduces inflammation, controls bleeding and soothes irritated tissue. Use internally or topically for minor wounds, eczemas and cysts as well as diaper rash and cradle cap in infants. Also, when planted near tomato plants in the garden, Marigolds help to reduce the presence of aphids. Marigold petals are considered edible. They are often used to add color to salads, and marigold extract is commonly added to chicken feed to produce darker egg yolks. Their aroma, however, is not sweet, and resembles the smell of hops in beer. The oil from its seed contains calendic acid.
Camelia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract*
Green tea is a tropical Asiatic evergreen shrub or small tree with reddish or white flowers. Used to scent perfumes and in anti-wrinkle creams. Green tea has many beneficial effects and has reportedly anti-cholesterol, anti-high blood pressure properties. It also contains tannins. In the skin care green tea is used for its anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties. Green tea originates from China and has become associated with many cultures in Asia from Japan to the Middle East. Recently, it has become more widespread in the West, where black tea is traditionally consumed. Many varieties of green tea have been created in countries where it is grown. These varieties can differ substantially due to variable growing conditions, processing and harvesting time. Over the last few decades green tea has been subjected to many scientific and medical studies to determine the extent of its long-purported health benefits, with some evidence suggesting regular green tea drinkers may have lower chances of heart disease and developing certain types of cancer. Green tea has also been claimed useful for weight loss management.
Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Oil**
A natural flavor extract obtained by distillation from the flowers of Cananga tree. Light to deep yellow liquid with a harsh floral odor. Used in cola fruit spice, and ginger ale flavoring for beverages, ice cream, ices, candy and baked goods. Ylang Ylang (Canaga Odorata) Ylang-ylang, Cananga odorata, is a small flower of the cananga tree. It is a fast-growing tree that exceeds 5 meters per year and attains an average height of 12 meters. It grows in full or partial sun, and prefers the acidic soils of its native rainforest habitat. The leaves are long, smooth and glossy. The flower is greenish yellow (rarely pink), curly like a starfish, and yields a highly fragrant essential oil. A related species is Cananga fruticosa, which is a dwarf ylang-ylang that grows as small tree or compact shrub with highly scented flowers. Ylang-ylang has been cultivated in temperate climates under conservatory conditions. Its fruit are an important food item for birds, such as the Collared Imperial-pigeon, Purple-tailed Imperial-pigeon, Zoe s Imperial-pigeon, Superb Fruit-dove, Pink-spotted Fruit-dove, Coroneted Fruit-dove, Orange-bellied Fruit-dove, and Wompoo Fruit-dove (Frith et al. 1976). The name ylang-ylang is derived from Tagalog, either from the word ilang, meaning “wilderness”, alluding to its natural habitat, or the word ilang-ilan, meaning “rare”, suggestive of its exceptionally delicate scent. The plant is native to the Philippines and Indonesia and is commonly grown in Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. The fragrance of ylang-ylang is rich and deep with notes of rubber and custard, and bright with hints of jasmine and neroli. The essential oil of the flower is obtained through steam distillation of the flowers and separated into different grades (extra; 1; 2; 3) according to when the distillates are obtained. The main aromatic components of ylang-ylang oil is benzyl acetate, linalool and p-cresyl methyl ether and methyl benzoate, responsible for its characteristic odor. The essential oil of ylang-ylang is used in aromatherapy. It is believed to relieve high blood pressure, normalize sebum secretion for skin problems, and is considered to be an aphrodisiac. According to Margaret Mead, it was used as such by South Pacific natives such as the Solomons where she did much of her research. The oil from ylang-ylang is widely used in perfumery for oriental or floral themed perfumes. Ylang-ylang blends well with most floral, fruit and wood smells. In Indonesia, ylang-ylang flowers are spread on the bed of newlywed couples. In the Philippines, its flowers, together with the flowers of the sampaguita, are strung into a necklace and worn by women and used to adorn religious images.
Candelilla Cera (Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax)
Natural wax. Increases thickness of product and gives flexibility and plasticity.
Caprylhydroxamic Acid
Aminoacid deriving from coconut oil that acts a a mild preservative.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
A derivative of caprilic acid which occurs naturally in the milk of cows and goats and in palm and coconut oil. Capric acid occurs in a large group of American plants. The triglyceride is an emolient.
Caprylic/ Capric Triglyceride*
A derivative of caprilic acid which occurs naturally in the milk of cows and goats and in palm and coconut oil.Capric acid occurs in a large group of American plants. The triglyceride is an emolient.
Caprylyl Glycol
A derivative of caprilic acid which occurs naturally in the milk of cows and goats and in palm and coconut oil. Caprylyl Glycol is an alcohol that is used in hair conditioners and emollients.
Caprylyl/Capryl Wheat Bran/ Straw Glycosides
It is the product obtained by the glycosylation of a blend of caprylyl and capryl alcohols with the monosaccharides derived from hydrolyzed wheat bran and hydrolyzed wheat straw with surfacting and emulsifying properties.
Carbomer
In organic chemistry, a carbomer is an expanded molecule obtained by insertion of a C2 unit in a given molecule. Carbomers differ from their templates in size but not in symmetry when each C–C single bond is replaced by at least one alkyne bond, and when a double bond is replaced by an allenebond. The size of the carbomer will continue to increase when more alkyne bonds are introduced and for this reason carbomers are also called carbon-molecules, where “n” is the number of acetylene or allene groups in an n-expansion unit. This concept, devised by Rémi Chauvin in 1995, is aimed at introducing new chemical properties for existing chemical motifs.
Cellulose Gum
Cellulose gum or CMC (=carbomethoxy cellulose) is a substance commonly found in many household products, from certain foods to hair gels and laxatives. Derived from plant fibres, Cellulose gum makes a fully clear, transparent and stable Gel and has a smooth feeling on the skin.Farmed from trees and cotton is readily renewable and abundant. Cellulose gum is a key ingredient that helps maintain certain characteristics such as providing thickness to a gel or helping to keep two liquids mixed together. Most importantly, cellulose gum has been shown to be safe in all of its applications.
Cera Alba (beeswax)*
Beeswax is a natural wax produced in the bee hive of honey bees.Western honey bees use the beeswax to build honeycomb cells in which their young are raised and honey and pollen are stored. Typically, for a honey bee keeper, 10 pounds of honey yields 1 pound of wax. Its main components are palmitate, palmitoleate, hydroxypalmitate and oleate esters of long-chain (30-32 carbons) aliphatic alcohols. Beeswax was ancient man’s first plastic, and for thousands of years has been used as a modeling material, to create sculpture and jewelry molds for use in the lost-wax casting process. Lost-wax casting of metals, practised by ancient Greeks and Romans, involved coating of a wax model with plaster, melting the wax out of the resulting mould and filling the space with molten metal. The technique is still used today by jewellers, goldsmiths and sculptors, in dentistry and even in the industrial manufacture of complex components by investment casting of metals. More recently it found use as a component of sealing wax, and as emulsifier in cosmetics. It is often mixed with other ingredients such as olive oil. Our top quality beeswax is derived from the bees that live on the high mountains of Crete in a clean environment rich in aromatic herbs.
Cetearyl Alcohol
It is not really an “alcohol”, such as rubbing alcohol, which would dry the skin, but it is an emulsifying wax, made by combining fatty alcohols from vegetable sources, such as coconut alcohol. It is used in many cosmetics as an emollient, thickening agent, moisturizer, emulsifier, stabilizer, opacifier as well as a carrying agent for other ingredients.
Cetearyl ethylhexanoate
It is a cosmetic oil and has outstanding spreadability. It improves the natural/inherently water vapor penetrability of human skin. It is closely related to the biological fats of the skin. It gives a soft, supple feel to the skin. It is also an excellent film-forming agent and it gives a natural sheen to the hair. Furthermore, it improves the fluidity of emulsions. Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate is a colorless oil that is insoluble in water, freely miscible with vegetable, mineral and synthetic oils and fats. It is often used as a base oil in the production of a wide variety of cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations.
Cetearyl Glucoside
Formed by the condensation of cetearyl alcohol (fatty acid) with glucose. Can be naturally derived (from coconut/corn oil) or chemically synthesized.Functions:An emulsifier used in oil in water formulations. It helps skin and hair retain moisture, and gives a velvety after touch. You can find it in a variety of cosmetic products such as facial moisturizer, sunscreen, anti-aging treatment, eye cream, foundation, conditioner, body firming lotion, hand cream and cleanser.
Cetyl alcohol
Cetyl Alcohol is fatty alcohol derived from palm oil used to give emulsions more stability, body and viscosity. It is white flakes with no or faint odor. It is soluble in water and alcohol. Cetyl alcohol is a non-gelling thickener, co-emulsifier, viscosity consistency enhancer, emollient, moisturizer (attracts moisture), foam booster. It is often used in lotions, creams, hair shampoos, hair conditioners, body washes, and makeup products.
Cetyl Esters
Ester of natural origin with high emolliency and condititoning properties for the skin.
Cetyl Phosphate
This ester of cetyl alcohol (derived from palm tree) is used as an emulsifier, to bring in contact oils of plant origin with water.
Cetyl Ricinoleate
A naturally derived emulsifier.
Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomille) Flower Extract*
Chamomile (essential oil and extract) is a plant traditionally used for its healing properties. It has skin-calming, anti-inflammatory properties and is used to care for sensitive and delicate skin. Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) Anthemis nobilis, commonly known as Roman Camomile, Chamomile, garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile, or whig plant, is a low European perennial plant found in dry fields and around gardens and cultivated grounds. The stem is procumbent, the leaves alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous.The solitary, terminal lowerheads, rising 8 to twelve inches above the ground, consist of prominent yellow disk flowers and silver-white ray flowers. The flowering time is June and July. Chamomile is also used cosmetically, primarily to make a rinse for blonde hair. Anodyne, antispasmodic, aromatic, bitter tonic, stimulant stomachic. Camomile infusion is good for flatulent colic, dyspepsia, and for fever and restlessness in children. It also makes a good wash for open sores, wounds, insect bites, and other skin problems. Chamomile oil can be taken internally for colic, spasms, and stomach cramps. The flowers can also be made into a rubbing oil for swellings, callouses and painful joints. Its light fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous. This makes it popular in aromatherapy, where it is used as a calming agent to end stress and aid in sleep.
Chamomilla recutita (Matricaria) (Flower/Leaf) extract*
It is an annual plant of the composite family Asteraceae. Matricaria chamomilla is the most popular source of the herbal product chamomile. It is of particular benefit to delicate and sensitive skin because of its skin-soothing properties.
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A natural chamomile extract, which soothes and calms the sensitive skin.
Chlorella Vulgaris (Algae) Extract
In our formulations the Chlorella Vulgartis extract delivers antioxidant benefits and can help your skin by reducing the appearance of wrinkles. Chlorella is a form of unicellular Green Algae found in still, fresh water; or soil, or bark of trees.
Chondrus Crispus (Carrageenan) Powder
A natural gellieng agent from seaweed. It softens the hair and scalp.
Chondrus Crispus Powder
Chondrus Crispus or Irish Moss or Carrageenan. A stabilizer and emulsifier, seeweedlike in odor, derived from Irish Moss. Its use in food and medicine was known in India for hunderds of years. Used medicinally to soothe the skin.
Cinnamal
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Cinnamal***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Citral
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Citral***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Citric acid
Citric Acid is derived from citrus and used primarily to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline or acid-alkali balance. It is also a mild preservative and sequestering agent. It is used in shampoos, conditioners, shower gels and in bath bombs, mixed with sodium bicarbonate makes the water fizz.
Citronellol
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Citronellol***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil**
The bergamot is a small and roughly pear-shaped fragrant citrus fruit native to Calabria Italy. Bergamot grows on small trees which blossom during the spring. Bergamot peel is used in perfumery for its ability to combine with an array of scents to form a bouquet of aromas which complement each other. Approximately one third of all men’s and about half of women’s perfumes contain bergamot essential oil. Bergamot was a component of the original Eau de Cologne developed in 17th century Germany – in 1704 the bergamot was first used to make the now famous “Eau de toilette” from the bergamot fruit by scooping out the pulp and squeezing the peel into sponges. Bergamot has been used for hundreds of years for acne, boils, cold sores, eczema, insect bites, insect repellent, oily complexion, psoriasis, scabies, spot varicose veins, skin ulcers, wounds, sore throat, thrush, infectious disease, and depression. Its traditional uses are antiseptic, deodorant, perfume, soothing agent, skin conditioner.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil**
Citrus aurantium dulcis (orange) peel oil is the oil from the fruit of the sweet orange (Citrus aurantium dulcis – also known as Citrus sinensis). It is classed as a biological product and is used as a miscellaneous skin-conditioning agent as well as a fragrance ingredient. It is used for its content in alpha hydroxy acids. AHA’s can be used as water-binding agents in cosmetics, but are mostly used in modern cosmetics for their exfoliating properties and their therapeutic properties which help with and minimize photo damaged skin, which is a major contributing factor to ageing. Many a clinical reference and much research has indicated the positive effect that the correct application of alpha hydroxy acids can have on the skin, and they can be a great boon to promoting younger looking skin and to minimizing the effect of ageing. Apart from ridding the skin of unnecessary dead cells, AHAs also have a moisturizing effect on the skin, by increasing the moisture content of the upper skin and so smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles, as well as reducing dryness and combating flakiness. Long-term use of low concentration AHA’s can also increase collagen and elastin synthesis, and also boost protein regeneration in the skin. They are also very effective in dealing with hyper-keratinization (over thickening of the skin), as well as increasing the epidermal thickness and have dermal glycosaminoglycans content.
Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil**
An ingredient from lemon used in cosmetics and personal care products. The types of products in which this ingredient may be found include bath products, soaps and detergents, skin care products, cleansing products, eye makeup, fragrance products and hair care products.
Citrus Medica Vulgaris (Lemon) Peel Oil**
Has a fresh and light, slightly sharp fragrance, known to lift the spirits and is reputed to have antidepressant properties. Its antiseptic properties are useful in treating oily skin and to revive a dull complexion.
Citrus Reticulata (Mandarin) Peel Oil**
Mandarin orange is an evergreen tree indigenous to Northeast India. The citrus is not only eaten plain but also processed into fragrance to add to food items such as liquor, ice cream and cakes. The dried peel of the fruit is called chinpi and is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Fruity and sweet, the oil has a soothing citrus scent that is delicate and gentle.
Citrus Sinensis (Orange) Peel Oil Expressed**
Orange oil is an essential oil produced by the fresh peel of the orange fruit (Citrus sinensis fruit). It has anti-inflammatory, mild antiseptic, as well as antidepressant properties.
Cocamidopropyl betaine
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a zwitterionic surfactant with a quaternary ammonium cation in its molecule. It is a viscous pale yellow transparent liquid and is used as a surfactant in bath products like shampoos and hand soaps, and in cosmetics as an emulsifying agent and thickener, and to reduce irritation purely ionic surfactants would cause. It also serves as an antistatic agent in hair conditioners.
Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine
A mild cleanser and hair conditioner. Reduces static electricity build up. Foam booster.
Coco-Glucoside
Anionic surfactant, very mild and skin-friendly, derived from coconut oil and fruit sugar. In hair care products it smoothes hair structure to improve manageability.
Cocos nucifera (coconut) oil*
The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is found throughout the tropic and subtropic area. Coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts. The coconut oil is widely used in soaps and cosmetics. Coconuts are used in the beauty industry in moisturizers and body butters because coconut oil, due to its chemical structure, is readily absorbed by the skin. The coconut shell may also be ground down and added to products for exfoliation of dead skin. Coconut is also a source of lauric acid, which can be processed in a particular way to produce sodium lauryl sulfate, a detergent used in shower gels and shampoos. The nature of lauric acid as a fatty acid makes it particularly effective for creating detergents and surfactants.
Cocoyl Proline
Vegetable origin solubilizer for essential oils and fragrances.
Coffea Arabica (Coffee) Seed Extract
It is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the mountains of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the “coffee shrub of Arabia”,”mountain coffee” or “arabica coffee”. Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Ethiopia for well over 1,000 years. It is said to produce better tasting coffee than the other major commercially grown coffee species. Coffea arabica is now rare in its native state, and many populations appear to be mixed native and planted trees. The conservation of the genetic variation of Coffea arabica relies on conserving healthy populations of wild coffee in the Afromontane rainforests of Ethiopia. Coffea arabica accounts for 75-80 percent of the world’s coffee production. It takes about seven years to mature fully. The plant can tolerate low temperatures, but not frost, and prefers to be grown in light shade.
Commiphora Myrrha (Myrrh) Resin extract
Myrrh, is the aromatic resin of a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora,which is an essential oil termed an oleoresin. Myrrh resin is a natural gum. It has been used throughout history as a perfume and medicine. It has astringent and antiseptic properties.
Copernicia Cerifera Cera (Carnauba Wax)
A natural wax from the berries of the sumac Rhus succedanea. Increases thickness of product and gives flexibility and plasticity. Stabilizes oil and liquid components of emulsion.
Coumarin
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Coumarin***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Crithmum Maritimum Extract
Sea Fennel, Crithmum maritimum, Samphire or Rock Samphire. Crithmum maritimum, is the sole species of the genus Crithmum. It is an edible wild plant found in coastal regions of mainland Great Britain. The term samphire is used for several unrelated species of coastal plant. In the 17th century, Shakespeare referred to the dangerous practice of collecting rock samphire from cliffs. “Half-way down, Hangs one that gathers samphire; dreadful trade!” In the 19th Century samphire was being shipped in casks of seawater from the Isle of Wight to market in London at the end of May each year. Rock samphire used to be cried in London streets as “Crest Marine”. In England rock samphire was cultivated in gardens, where it grows readily in a light, rich soil. Obtaining seed commercially is now difficult, and in the United Kingdom the removal of wild plants is illegal under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Skin Care Properties The extract is adding moisturizing as well as tonic and conditioning properties to the products.
Cupressus Sempervirens (Cypress) Oil**
A natural essential oil with mild antiseptic action due to the presence of camphene. It promotes microcirculation.
Cyathea Cumingii Leaf Extract
A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta. Cyathea Cumingii is a species of fern that grows in New Zealand. For centuries, Maori people used the pulp from young fronds of the Cyathea tree ferns for their wound-healing properties. It was recently realized that a polysacharite composition which can be derived from this fern is capable of forming a molecular network to give instant lift. Thanks to a unique composition of polysacharites this extract is able to form an elastic, resistant, and continuous film which tightens the skin immediately. The molecular network formed on the surface of the skin improves the coetaneous micro relief and prolongs the youthful appearance by fighting skin slackening. Fine lines and wrinkles are reduced with immediate visible results!

D

Daucus carota sativa(carrot) root extract
Thought to have been first grown in Afghanistan Carrot has been cultivated for 2000 years, however, it only came to England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. It was used widely as a medicine for at least two hundred years but nowadays is used almost exclusively as a vegetable. In natural skin care carrot extract is recommended for conditioning cosmetics and in sun protection products, as it has a low natural SPF. It has high content of carotenoids (radical catchers). Carrot can also contribute to the color of a cream.
Decyl Glucoside
Naturally derived, mild non-ionic surfactant with foaming and cleansing properties.
Dehydroacetic acid
A weak acid that forms a white odorless powder with acrid taste. Used as fungi and bacteria-destroying ingredient in cosmetics. It is not reportedly irritating or allergy causing reactions.
Dehydroxanthan gum
Naturally derived polymer with thickening and film-forming properties.
Dextrin
Product deriving from starch with thickening and water binding properties.
Dibutyl adipate
Lubrication of skin. It gives a soft and smooth apearance. A solvent for other substances.
Dicaprylyl Carbonate
A solid, plant-derived fat used as emolient in skin care preparations. Caprylic acid, the ingredient used to make caprylyl carbonate, is derived from coconut oil. It has high spreading properties and leaves a dry, velvety feel to the skin and does not leave oily film on the skin.
Dicaprylyl Ether
A plant derived oil (coconut oil). It is used as skin conditioner, emollient and solvent. Dicaprylyl ether is known for its fast spreading capabilities, and is thus used to help facilitate the spread ability of many slow spreading ingredients. It creates a smooth and soft appearance for the skin. Unlike most emollients, it provides a dry and non-greasy feel to the skin.
Diethylamino Hydroxybenzoyl Hexyl Benzoate
Organic UV filter.
Dipalmitoylethyl Hydroxyethylmonium Methosulfate
A quaternary ammonium salt that’s derived from palm oil.This cationic emulsifier primarily works as an anti-static agent, and secondarily as a hair conditioning and detangling ingredient. It’s known for helping to soften and moisturize the hair, and can also work as a wetting agent in cosmetic products.
Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate
It is made from fatty acids from coconut oil, also called coconut acid. It cleans the skin and hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that these substances can be rinsed away. They also increase foaming capacity or stabilize foams. It enhances the appearance and feel of hair, by increasing hair body, suppleness, or sheen, or by improving the texture of hair that has been damaged physically or by chemical treatment.
Distarch phosphate
A combination of starch and sodium metaphosphate. Starch is a natural product and phosphates play a very important role in cell physiology. The distarch phosphate is a water softener, sequestering agent and texturizer.
Distearoylethyl hydroxyethylmonium methosulfate
Very mild conditioner. Used in the organic skincare products. The most favorable conditioning and stability properties are obtained in a pH range between 3 – 5.

E

Echinacea Angustifolia Meristem Cell Culture
Natural echinacea stem cells, promote skin hydration and elasticity, anti-stress action for dull skin and dark cirles under the eyes.
Echinacea Purpurea Root Extract
Echinacea extract, rejuvenates, tones and moisturizes the skin.
Echinacea purrurea extract
Echinacea Purpurea Extract is an extract of the coneflower, Echinacea purpurea. It has antioxidant and collagen protecting properties fro the skin, keeping it beautyiful and youthful looking.
Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Fruit Oil*
Palm oil is used in skin care due to its high content in vitamins A & E, squalene and ubiquinone. Therefore it has good antioxidant properties. Also it is applied to wounds, just like iodine tincture, to aid the healing process. Palm oil is a very common cooking ingredient in the regions where it is produced. Red palm oil is known to be healthier than refined (discolored) palm oil. This is a result of several mitigating substances found in the red palm oil. These compounds are:

  • betacarotenes (present in higher amounts than in regular palm oil)
  • co-enzyme Q10 (ubiquinone)
  • squalene
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E
Elaeis Guinnensis (Palm) Oil*
It is oil obtained from the palm tree, Elaeis guineensis. In cosmetics and personal care products, this Palm Oil ingredient is used in the formulation of skin care products, makeup and suntan products.It is primarily used as skin conditioning agent and also may be used as viscosity agent
Erythritol
A natural sugar with moisturizing properties for the skin.
Ethyhexylglycerin
Ethylhexylglycerin is a synthetic compound derived from grains and plants and works by reducing interfacial tension on the cellular walls of micro-organisms, promoting their more rapid destruction and a wider spectrum activity. Ethylhexylglycerin serves as a surfactant and preservant enhancer and acts as a safe preservative in minute amounts. It’s a proven preservative-enhancer and is often used instead of controversial parabens.
Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate
Organic UV filter.
Ethylhexyl palmitate
Ethylhexyl palmitate, or octyl palmitate, is the ester of 2-ethylhexyl alcohol (which occurs in essential oils) and palmitic acid (obtained from palm trees). Ethylhexyl palmitate is used in cosmetic formulations as a solvent, carrying agent, pigment wetting agent, fragrance fixative and emollient.
Ethylhexyl triazone
Organic UV filter.
Eugenol
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Eugenol***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes

F

Farnesol
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Farnesol***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Fusel Wheat Bran/Straw Glycosides
It is the product obtained by the glycosylation of a blend of caprylyl and capryl alcohols with the monosaccharides derived from hydrolyzed wheat bran and hydrolyzed wheat straw with surfacting and solvent properties.

G

Gellan Gum
Naturally deriving polysaccharide with texturizing, stabilizing and film-forming properties.
Geraniol
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Geraniol***
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Gluconolactone
Also called glucono delta-lactone, is a natural derived ingredient. It is an ester of Gluconic Acid. Pure Gluconolactone is a white, odorless crystalline powder. In cosmetics and personal care products, Gluconic Acid and its derivatives may be used in the formulation of mouthwashes, bath products, cleansing products, skin care products and shampoo.
Glycerin
Glycerin is present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be manufactured by the hydrolysis of fats and by the fermentation of sugars. Glycerin is a humectant that aids the skins natural protection by filling in the area known as the intercellular matrix and by attracting just the right amount of water to maintain the skins homeostasis. In other words, it draws moisture to the skin. There is also research indicating that the presence of glycerin in the intercellular layer helps other skin lipids do their jobs better (Sources: American Journal of Contact Dermatitis, September 2000, pages 165–169; and Acta Dermato-Venereologica, November 1999, pages 418–421). It is supplied as a clear, viscous liquid that is water-soluble.Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol. It is the primary part of rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil. It also occurs in small quantities in geranium, lemon, and many other essential oils. It appears as a clear to pale-yellow oil that is insoluble in water, but soluble in most common organic solvents. It has a rose-like scent and is commonly used in perfumes. It is used in flavors such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple, and blueberry.
Glycerin*
Glycerin is present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be manufactured by the hydrolysis of fats and by the fermentation of sugars. Glycerin is a humectant that aids the skins natural protection by filling in the area known as the intercellular matrix and by attracting just the right amount of water to maintain the skins homeostasis. In other words, it draws moisture to the skin. There is also research indicating that the presence of glycerin in the intercellular layer helps other skin lipids do their jobs better (Sources: American Journal of Contact Dermatitis, September 2000, pages 165–169; and Acta Dermato-Venereologica, November 1999, pages 418–421). It is supplied as a clear, viscous liquid that is water-soluble.
Glyceryl Behenate
Emulsifier agent with surfactant properties. It conditions the skin.
Glyceryl Caprate
Product synthesized from palm oil deratives. Acts as a co-emulsifier while it also exhibits antimicrobial properties.
Glyceryl Caprylate
Glyceryl Caprylate is glycerin (see) esterified with vegetable fatty acids and fruit acids. Glyceryl Caprylate acts as a natural emulsifier.
Glyceryl Stearate SE
Glyceryl Stearate SE is made by reacting glycerin with stearic acid, a fatty acid obtained from vegetable (or animal) fats and oils. It is very similar to Glyceryl Stearate but contains more glycerin.
Glyceryl Hydrogenated Rosinate
Naturally derived ester that provides adhesive and stabilizing properties.
Glyceryl Oleate
Glyceryl monoester or monoglyceride. It is prepared from glycerin and Olive oil. Is primarily used in the formulation of creams and lotions, moisturizers, and other skin care products, but other glyceryl monoesters can also be found in permanent waves, deodorants, bath soaps, eye makeup and foundations.
Glyceryl stearate citrate
Glyceryl stearate citrate is glycerin (see) esterified with vegetable fatty acids. It is an excellent plant-derived self-emulsifying solid emollient.
Glyceryl Stearate SE
Glyceryl Stearate SE is made by reacting glycerin with stearic acid, a fatty acid obtained from vegetable (or animal) fats and oils. It is very similar to Glyceryl Stearate but contains more glycerin.
Glyceryl Undecylenate
Glyceryl Undecylenate, is the ester of glycerin with undecylenic acid. It is derived from a combination of castor bean oil and rapeseed derived glycerine.It acts as emulsifier but also shows antimicrobial activity. Has skin-conditioning properties.​
Glycine Soja (Soyabean) Oil*
Glycine Soja or Soybean (U.S.) or Soya bean (UK) (Glycine max) is a species of legume native to East Asia. The plant is classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse. It is an annual plant that has been used in China for 5,000 years as a food and a component of drugs. Soy contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids for humans, and so is a good source of protein. Soybeans are the primary ingredient in many processed foods, including dairy product substitutes. The plant is sometimes referred to as greater bean or edamame, though the latter is more commonly used in English when referring to a specific dish. The English word soy is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of 醤油 (しょうゆ, shōyu), the Japanese word for Soya sauce; soya comes from the Dutch adaptation of the same word. Glycin Sojia Oil is used in our formulations as emollient.It firms the skin and soothes. Specific soya peptides have the ability to slow down elastin break-down and are used as an anti-ageing factor in cosmetic preparations.
Glycine soya (soybean) oil
Glycine Soja or Soybean (U.S.) or Soya bean (UK) (Glycine max) is a species of legume native to East Asia. The plant is classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse. It is an annual plant that has been used in China for 5,000 years as a food and a component of drugs. Soy contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids for humans, and so is a good source of protein. Soybeans are the primary ingredient in many processed foods, including dairy product substitutes. The plant is sometimes referred to as greater bean or edamame, though the latter is more commonly used in English when referring to a specific dish. The English word soy is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of 醤油 (しょうゆ, shōyu), the Japanese word for Soya sauce; soya comes from the Dutch adaptation of the same word. Glycin Sojia Oil is used in our formulations as emollient. It firms the skin and soothes. Specific soya peptides have the ability to slow down elastin break-down and are used as an anti-ageing factor in cosmetic preparations.
Glycyrrhetinic acid
Compound isolated from licorice plants. It is used to enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.
Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract*
Glycolipids are carbohydrate-attached lipids. Their role is to provide energy and also serve as markers for cellular recognition. They occur where a carbohydrate chain is associated with phospholipids on the exoplasmic surface of the cell membrane. The carbohydrates are found on the outer surface of all eukaryotic cell membranes. Glycolipids when applied on the skin help control the Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL). Hence they are an essential ingredient in the skin moisturization.

H

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed oil*
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in food, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient. Sunflower oil also have suggested skin-health benefits. Sunflower oil, like other oils, can retain moisture in the skin. However, it also provides a protective barrier that resists infection. Studies using sunflower oil have been conducted involving pre-term infants that are often susceptible to infection due to their underdeveloped skin.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in food, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient. Sunflower oil also have suggested skin-health benefits. Sunflower oil, like other oils, can retain moisture in the skin. However, it also provides a protective barrier that resists infection. Studies using sunflower oil have been conducted involving pre-term infants that are often susceptible to infection due to their underdeveloped skin.
Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed oil Unsaponifiables*
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in food, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient. Sunflower oil also have suggested skin-health benefits. Sunflower oil, like other oils, can retain moisture in the skin. However, it also provides a protective barrier that resists infection. Studies using sunflower oil have been conducted involving pre-term infants that are often susceptible to infection due to their underdeveloped skin.
Hibiscus Sabdariffa Flower Extract*
Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle) is a species of Hibiscus native to the Old World tropics. The red calyces of the plant are increasingly exported to America and Europe, where they are used as food colourings.The green leaves are used like a spicy version of spinach. In East Africa, the calyx infusion, called “Sudan tea”, is taken to relieve coughs. Roselle juice, with salt, pepper, asafetida and molasses, is taken as a remedy for biliousness. The heated leaves are applied to cracks in the feet and on boils and ulcers to speed maturation. A lotion made from leaves is used on sores and wounds. The seeds are said to be diuretic and tonic in action and the brownish-yellow seed oil is claimed to heal sores on camels. In India, a decoction of the seeds is given to relieve dysuria, strangury and mild cases of dyspepsia. Brazilians attribute stomachic, emollient and resolutive properties to the bitter roots. Finally, it was found that the flower extract, which is an acid, mimics the properties of Alpha Hydoxy Acids (AHAs are used in cosmeceutical skincare to enhance cell renewal).
Hydrogenated Castor Oil*
It enhances skin moisturization and softness. Creates a protective film on the skin.
Hydrogenated Olive Oil Cetyl Esters
Mixture of esters produced by the reaction of cetyl alcohol and hydrogenated olive oil with emulsion stabilizing and film forming properties
Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysate
Hydrogenated starch hydrosylate (HSH) is a mixture of several sugar alcohols. They are produced by the partial hydrolysis of starch – most often corn starch but also potato starch or wheat starch. This creates dextrins (glucose and short glucose chains). The hydrolyzed starch (dextrin) then undergoes hydrogenation to convert the dextrins to sugar alcohols. It is used in our formulations as a skin conditioning agent that increases water content of the top layers of the skin by drawing moisture from the surrounding air.
Hydrolized Lupine Protein*
Hydrolyzed protein from the seeds of the lupine plant (lupinus) which are high in proteins and contain 35-45% of all the essential amino acids. Lupine cultivation goes way back to ancient Egypt and Greece. Clear yellow to amber liquid, faint herbal odor, water soluble.Lupine protein contains a high amount of essential amino acids which provide many benefits and treatment options in the fight against premature aging. Good anti-static, regenerating and conditioning properties. Skin and hair care products, sun care, after-sun products, scalp treatments.
Hydrolyzed Algin
It is a natural ingredient, which moisturizes and conditions the hair.
Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract
Widely grown today throughout the southern regions of the United States as well as in many areas of the West Indies, the Hibiscus Esculentus is thought to have originated in what is now known as Ethiopia, parts of Eritrea, and the higher region of the Sudan. It is believed by many that this plant traveled east on its path around the world, ending up in India eventually sometime after the Christian era began. Hibiscus Esculentus is an herbaceous plant that features heart-shaped leaves on an erect stem. Small spiny hairs on the stem can irritate human skin, so caution should be used during the harvesting of these plants. Given the proper environment (full sun, some rainfall, well-drained soil, no frost), it does grow quickly. It is also known by the names okra, okra plant, lady’s finger, bombo, okura, gambo, ocra, and gumbo. It is a member of the Mallow family, and it produces hibiscus-like flowers that are yellow in color and brilliant in appearance. The colorful blooms begin to turn into okra pods during the late summer months and into the early fall months. Typically this plant is grown annually. The Hibiscus Esculentus produces elongated green pods that are harvested while they are immature and tender. Since okra is mucilaginous, it is often cooked in stews and soups to thicken the broth or gravy. It is also served deep fried after being dipped in corn meal as a side dish, particularly in southern states of the USA. Okra offers high fiber content, aiding in the stabilization of blood sugar. Unfortunately, this vegetable is not popular, partly because of its difficult harvesting process. The pods must be harvested while they are no more than five days old and no less than two days old, otherwise, they become too tough to use. In fact, okra pods grow quite quickly and should be picked within a week of beginning to emerge from the flowers. Once home gardeners become familiar with this process, they can then appreciate the true value of okra. Calorie count is low for okra with a half cup containing a mere twenty-five calories. Okra contains vitamin B6 as well as folic acid, adding to its nutritious value. Due to its mucilaginous nature, okra binds bile acid and the toxins carried by it as well as cholesterol. Hibiscus Esculentus has been used in medicinal applications due to its laxative qualities. Hibiscus Esculentus lubricates the large intestines, preventing constipation and easing evacuation of the bowels. However, it is also this mucilaginous nature that makes many Americans fail to appreciate this vegetable as an edible food choice. Okra is often dried for use at a later date, particularly in regions where its nutritional value is appreciated. Typically, this is done to provide a thickening agent for soups and stews used throughout the year. Ripe seeds taken from okra can be ground and roasted for use as a coffee substitute. While the flavor is decidedly different, it is an option. Ripe seeds can also be used to produce edible oil, something that is commonly done in countries found in the East as well as in Mediterranean countries. Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract is found in a wide variety of cosmetics and skin care products, most noticeably, foundations, concealers, anti-aging products, and eye treatments. It is extracted using enzyme, acid, or some other method of hydrolysis. This extract is credited with the ability to deliver a cumulative effect that minimizes wrinkling, while also reducing the contraction of muscle cells. The seeds of Hibiscus Esculentus contain proteins from which a complex of oligopeptides (patented as Myoxinol) is extracted. The proteins offer a composition that resembles that of milk proteins. Studies indicate that these botanically derived peptides do have the ability to minimize contractions of the muscles for as long as twenty-four hours. The proteins found in Hibiscus Esculentus are also credited with minimizing the appeaappearance of wrinkles by firming and tensing the skin. These results occur after regular use of products containing the complex of oligopeptides. Furthermore, Myoxinol contains high levels of linoleic acid, oleic acid, amino acids, and polysaccharides, delivering potent antioxidant protection that helps to prevent biological aging (oxidative damage) that occurs due to the exposure of the sun’s harsh UVA/UVB rays.
Hydrolyzed rice protein
A natural plant derived protein that provides superior anti-oxidant properties and essential fatty acids. The Plant Rice takes its name to English from Greek Oryza, via Latin oriza, Italian riso and finally Old French ris (the same as present day French riz). Domesticated rice comprises two species in the Poaceae (“true grass”) family, Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima. These plants are native to tropical and subtropical southern Asia and southeastern Africa. Rice provides more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. In 1694, rice arrived in South Carolina, probably originating from Madagascar. Proteins Dietary proteins provide amino acids to build and maintain tissues, and to form enzymes, some hormones, and antibodies. Proteins function in some body regulating processes and are a source of energy. Proteins, unique among the energy nutrients because they contain nitrogen, are composed of amino acid units that are linked in chains. Essential amino acids cannot be manufactured by the body; therefore, they must be provided by dietary protein. All of the eight amino acids must be present at the same time and in the right proportion in order for protein to be synthesized. The protein in rice is well balanced because all eight amino acids are present and in proper proportion. Therefore, rice is a unique cereal grain. The protein content of rice, while limited (ranging from 2.0 to 2.5 mg. per 1/2 cup of cooked rice), is considered one of the highest quality proteins to that provided by other cereal grains. Biological value is a measure of protein quality, assessed by determining the extent to which a given protein supports nitrogen retention. The most perfect protein by this standard is egg protein (biological value 100); this has been designated the reference protein by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rice protein has a biological value of 86. Fish fillet protein has a biological value of 75-90. Corn protein has a biological value of 40. Generally, a biological value of 70 or above indicates acceptable quality.
Hydrolyzed Sweet Almond Seedcake*
A natural organic coating agent for hair fiber from almond seedcake. Restores the aesthetic qualities of damaged hair. Gives hair shine and softness.
Hydroxyapatite
A natural SPF booster.
Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate
Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate is a naturally-derived sugar used in cosmetics and beauty products because of its ability to serve as a surfactant and emulsifier. It stabilizes emulsions at any temperature, gives formulas immediate viscosity, reduces the greasiness of products and delivers a smooth, thick feeling.
Hypericum Perforatum (St' Johns Wort) Extract*
St John’s Wort has been known throughout history as a vulnerary (wound healer) and was in its heyday on the battlefields of the Crusaders. In Greek it is known as “spathochorto” referring to its ability of healing sword wounds. Its mystique was confirmed by the way the juice of the plant turns red on exposure to air – a phenomenon thought to symbolize the blood of St John the Baptist.
Hypericum Perforatum (St' Johns Wort) Extract
St John’s Wort has been known throughout history as a vulnerary (wound healer) and was in its heyday on the battlefields of the Crusaders. In Greek it is known as “spathochorto” referring to its ability of healing sword wounds. Its mystique was confirmed by the way the juice of the plant turns red on exposure to air – a phenomenon thought to symbolize the blood of St John the Baptist.
Hypericum Perforatum (St’ Johns Wort) Flower Extract*
A natural organic extract. Treats, calms and improves the appearance of dry or damaged skin (including burns, bug bites, scrapes, bruises etc).
Hypericum perforatum extract*
St John’s Wort has been known throughout history as a vulnerary (wound healer) and was in its heyday on the battlefields of the Crusaders. In Greek it is known as “spathochorto” referring to its ability of healing sword wounds. Its mystique was confirmed by the way the juice of the plant turns red on exposure to air – a phenomenon thought to symbolize the blood of St John the Baptist.

I

Isoamyl Laurate
Emulsifier and skin conditioner.
Isoeugenol***
Allergen naturally occurred in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Isopropyl Alcohol
Also known as isopropanol, is an alcohol that evaporates quickly. Isopropyl Alcohol is a widely used ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products and can be found in products such as aftershave lotions, bath products, eye makeup, other makeup products, cleansing products, as well as nail, hair and skin care products. It is used to dissolve other substances in cosmetics and personal care products. It is also used to decrease the thickness of liquids and to reduce the tendency of finished products to generate foam when shaken.
Isopropyl isostearate
Lubrication of the skin, gives a soft and smooth apearance.

J

Jojoba Esters
Jojoba esters are the hydrogenation or interesterification product of Jojoba oil. Jojoba Esters are commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient, due to its remarkable similarity to the natural oils produced by the human skin, and its high oxidative stability.
Juglans regia (walnut) shell extract
Mild antiseptic action, conditioning of problematic skin.

K

Kaolin
Kaolin is a pure natural mineral (anhydrous aluminum silicate) composed of kaolinite with low iron content. It is an off- white fine powder that is odorless and is insoluble in water. Kaolin has great covering ability, able to absorb fats from the skin, refines pores, helps clear up breakouts, soothing properties (ideal for sensitive skin).

L

Lactic Acid
Lactic acid, also known as milk acid, is a chemical compound that plays a role in various biochemical processes and was first isolated in 1780 by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele. Lactic acid is a carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C3H6O3. It has a hydroxyl group adjacent to the carboxyl group, making it an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). In solution, it can lose a proton from the carboxyl group, producing the lactate ion CH3CH(OH)COO−. Compared to acetic acid, its pKa is 1 unit less, meaning lactic acid deprotonates ten times as easily as acetic acid does. This higher acidity is the consequence of the intramolecular hydrogen bridge between the α-hydroxyl and the carboxylate group, making the latter less capable of strongly attracting its proton. Lactic acid is miscible with water or ethanol, and is hygroscopic. It is chiral and has two optical isomers. One is known as L-(+)-lactic acid or (S)-lactic acid and the other, its mirror image, is D-(−)-lactic acid or (R)-lactic acid. In industry, lactic acid fermentation is performed by lactic acid bacteria which convert glucose and sucrose to lactic acid. These bacteria can also grow in the mouth; the acid they produce is responsible for the tooth decay known as caries. In medicine, lactate is one of the main components of lactated Ringer’s solution and Hartmann’s solution. These intravenous fluids consist of sodium and potassium cations along with lactate and chloride anions in solution with distilled water, generally in concentrations isotonic with human blood. It is most commonly used for fluid resuscitation after blood loss due to trauma, surgery, or burn injury.

Pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications

Lactic acid is also employed in pharmaceutical technology to produce water-soluble lactates from otherwise insoluble active ingredients. It finds further use in topical preparations and cosmetics to adjust acidity and for its disinfectant and keratolytic properties.

Detergents

Lactic acid has gained importance in the detergent industry the last decade. It is a good descaler, soap-scum remover, and a registered anti-bacterial agent. It is also economically beneficial as well as part of a trend toward environmentally safer and natural ingredients.

Laurus Nobilis (Laurel) Leaf Oil**
Laurus nobilis, is a culinary herb often used to flavor soups, and stews in Mediterranean Cuisine. An infused oil of bay has a long history of use as a pain reliever for arthritic aches and pains, lower back pain, earaches, and sore muscles and sprains. In the Mediterranean countries, the essential oil is well known for its ability to improve the appearance of the hair and give it a shiny healthy look. Bay laurel essential oil is one of the strongest oils used in aromatherapy. Sharp, spicy dried green aroma of hot summer – A true Bay scent. A greenish-yellow volatile oil is yielded by distillation from the leaves which contains a high percentage of oxygenated compounds. The berries contain both fixed and volatile oils, the former, known as Oil of Bays, includes laurostearine, the ether of lauric acid.
Lauryl Glucoside
Lauryl glucoside is a surfactant used in cosmetics. It is a glycoside produced from glucose and lauryl alcohol.
Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender) oil**
Lavender is native to the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, Russia, and Africa. It has been used cosmetically and medicinally throughout history. In modern times, lavender is cultivated around the world and the fragrant oils of its flowers are used in aromatherapy, baked goods, candles, cosmetics, detergents, jellies, massage oils, perfumes, powders, shampoo, soaps, and tea. Many people find lavender aromatherapy to be relaxing and it has been reported to have anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects.
Lavandula Hybrida (Lavandin) Oil**
A natural essential oil with mild antiseptic properties.
Lecithin
Lecithin is an emulsifying substance that is found in the cells of all living organisms. The French scientist Maurice Gobley discovered lecithin in 1805 and named it “lekithos” after the Greek word for “egg yolk.” Until it was recovered from the waste products of soybean processing in the 1930s, eggs were the primary source of commercial lecithin. Lecithin is unique in the world of cosmetic ingredients. It has two properties which make it a useful additive to skin and hair care products. First, lecithin is a natural emulsifier. It can be used in cosmetic applications requiring emulsifiers (like lotions and creams). Second, lecithin is a humectant; it helps to bind moisture to the skin and hair.
Limonene
Allergen naturally occurringin natural essential oils and perfumes.
Limonene***
Allergen naturally occurringin natural essential oils and perfumes.
Linalool
Allergen naturally occurringin natural essential oils and perfumes.
Linalool***
Allergen naturally occurringin natural essential oils and perfumes.
Luffa cylindrica
A natural exfoliator.
Lysolecithin
Efficient natural emulsifier. Offers a soft skin.

M

Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil
Macadamia oil (or macadamia nut oil) is the non-volatile oil expressed from the nut meat of the macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia) tree, a native Australian nut. Macadamia oil is sometimes used in food as a frying or salad oil, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient or fragrance fixative. Macadamia oil contains approximately 60% oleic acid, 19% palmitoleic acid, 1-3% linoleic acid and 1-2% α-linoleic acid. Some varieties contain roughly equal omega-6 and omega-3. Although macadamia is cultivated in many different parts of the world, the oil’s fatty acid profile is not greatly influenced by environmental factors. The oil displays chemical properties typical of a vegetable triglyceride oil. It is also very stable due to its low polyunsaturated fat content. Macadamia oil is liquid at room temperature. The refined oil is clear, lightly amber-colored with a slightly nutty odor. It is possible to refine it to complete transparency, but the faint odor of macadamia nuts remains. Macadamia oil’s rich, cushiony skinfeel and high oxidative stability make it especially suitable for heavy creams and sun care formulations. Derivatives of macadamia oil in cosmetics include the light emollient ethyl macadamiate and water soluble PEG-16 macadamia glycerides. Macadamia oil is an excellent botanical replacement for mink oil in most applications. Also used for hair. Macadamia oil’s INCI name is macadamia ternifolia seed oil.
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate
A synthetic UV filter.
Magnesium Stearate
Emulsifier and thickener.
Magnesium sulphate
Derived from a naturally occurring magnesium salt and commonly referred to as Epsom Salt, it is often used in the bath as a detoxifying treatment. In a product formulation it works in conjunction with detergents or soaps to thicken a product.
Maltodextrin
A carbohydrate obtained from starch. Used as a film former, skin conditioner and absorbent.
Maltooligosyl Glucoside
A modern and important ingredient, a sacharide with cell activating effects that helps the cells maintain their moisture. It is used in new skin and hair care formulations.
Malva sylvestris (Mallow) Flower extract*
A moderate purplish red that is paler than magenta rose. It is used for its anti-inflammatory properties as well as emollient and astringent. The Plant- Mallow (Malva sylvestris) a species of Malva native to Europe (the British Isles and Iberia north to southern Scandinavia and east to Russia and the Caucasus), northern Africa (Morocco east to Egypt), and Asia (western and southwestern Asia, central Asia east to Kyrgyzstan, and east along the Himalaya to Bhutan). It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial plant growing to 1-1.5 m (rarely 3 m) tall, with hairy stems and foliage. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, 2-10 cm long and 2-10 cm broad with three to seven shallow, rounded lobes and a serrated margin. The flowers are produced in clusters of two to six in the leaf axils, each flower 2-5 cm diameter, with five dark pink to purplish petals with a notch at the apex. The fruit is a disc-shaped schizocarp 5-8 mm diameter, containing 10-12 seeds, the seeds individually enclosed in a usually glabrous (occasionally hairy) mericarp. It has a chromosome count of 2n=42. Plants with hairy seed mericarps have sometimes been distinguished as M. sylvestris var. lasiocarpa Druce, and small plants from high altitude in the Atlas Mountains have sometimes been distinguished as M. sylvestris subsp. subacaulis Maire, though neither is widely regarded as distinct. It occurs on dry, well-drained soils at altitudes from sea level up to 1,800 m in northern Europe and to 3,000 m in northwest Africa, growing on open, sunny sites with little competition from other plants. The flowers are usually pollinated by bees. It is often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive flowers, produced for a long period through the summer. Numerous cultivars have been selected and named. Plants previously often described as Malva sylvestris var. mauritiana are now considered a Cultivar Group Malva sylvestris Mauritiana Group. Like other species of the genus Malva, it is high in mucilage content. It was historically used medicinally, internally as a demulcent using a seed extract or boiled young leaves, and externally as an emollients, for which it is still in some use as a natural skin treatment. The species has long been used as a natural dye, and the French name of the species mauve was used for the English name of the first synthetic dye of similar colour, better known as mauveine, which lead to the word mauve as an English colour name. It has been introduced to and become naturalised in eastern Australia and North America. Other names sometimes used in cultivation included high mallow, tall mallow, wood mallow, wild mallow, cheese-flower, cheese-cake, pick-cheese, round dock, maul, and country-mallow. It is one of several species of different genera sometimes referred to as creeping charlie, a term more commonly applied to Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy). The young leaves and shoots of this plant have been eaten since at least the 8th century BC. The plant s many uses gave rise to the Spanish adage, “A kitchen garden and mallow, sufficient medicines for a home.” The flowers and leaves are emollient and good for sensitive areas of the skin. It is applied as a poultice to reduce swelling and draw out toxins. Taken internally, the leaves reduce gut irritation and have a laxative effect. When common mallow is combined with eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), it makes a good remedy for coughs and other chest ailments. MAIN PROPERTIES: Anti-inflammatory, emollient, astringent, laxative.
Maris Aqua (Sea Water)
The Sea has long been recognized for its healing powers. The Mediterranean crystal clear sea water from the island of Crete is an excellent additive to our skin care products.
Medicago Sativa (Alfalfa) Extract*
Medicago Sativa or Alfa-Alfa or Lucerne or Purple Medic thought to originate in North Africa. It exists in many different forms. A very high source of Vitamin C, also a source of chlorophyll and Vitamin K. Used as a diuretic and an anti-hemorrhaging agent. Major known constituents: Protein, fat, vitamins C, B1, B12, D, E, K1, Provitamin A, several mineral salts including potassium, calcium, and phosphorus; choline, trimethylamine, betaine, alfalfa saponin, an alkaloid, stachydrine; a bitter principle and a hormonal substance, coumestrol. In our formulations Alfa-Alfa is used for its tonning and anti-inflammatory properties that help the skin improve its radiance and healthy look. Also Alfa-Alfa provides the source of natural vitamin K used in the elimination of the dark circles arround the eye.
Mel (honey)*
Honey extract. It is used as emollient in cosmetics. It is produced by the bees from the nectar of flowers. The rich nature of Mediterranean gives to the Greek honey excellent aroma.
Mentha Arvensis (Mint) Leaf Oil**
A natural essential oil, which has a cooling effect due to menthol.
Mentha piperita (peppermint) oil*
Peppermint is sometimes regarded as the world s oldest medicine, with archaeological evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago. It has a high menthol content, and is often used as a flavouring in tea, ice cream, confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters. It is the oldest and most popular flavour of mint-flavoured confectionery. Peppermint can also be found in shampoos and soaps, which give the hair a minty scent and produce a cooling sensation on the skin. Peppermint Oil is recommended for the following conditions: Acne, Aerophagy, Arthritis, Bites – Insect, Blackheads, Bloating – Dispel Gas, Bronchitis, Bronchitis – Chronic, Bruises, Candida Albicans, Canker Sores, Catarrh, Cold Sores – Topical For Pain, Concentration – Lacking, Constipation, Cysts, Dandruff, Dermatitis, Diabetes, Diarrhea – With Gas, Digestion – Sluggish, Digestive Problems, Dizziness, Dysentery, Dyspepsia, Fainting, Fatigue, Fevers, Flu – Relieve Nausea, Gas – Fast Relief, Gastritis, Headaches, Hysteria, Impetigo, Impotence, Infection – Skin, Inflammation, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Jaundice, Liver Problems, Lumbago, Lymph Fluid Drainage, Menstruation – Scanty, Mental Fatigue, Morning Sickness, Mumps, Myalgia, Nervous Disorders, Neuralgia, Pain – Joints, Pain – Muscles, Parasites – Intestinal, Pimples, Poisoning – Gastro-intestinal, Pruritis, Rheumatic Fever, Rheumatism, Ringworm, Skin – Itching, Skin – Oily, Skin – Swollen, Skin – Tired, Sore Muscles, Spasm – Gastric, Stomach Ache, Sunburn, Tension, Tremors, Ulcers, Vomiting – Nervous and Weakness. The Plant – Mentha Piperita is indigenous in Europe and now widespread in cultivation throughout all regions of the world. It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing to 30–90 cm (12–35 in) tall, with smooth stems, square in cross section. The rhizomes are wide-spreading, fleshy, and bare fibrous roots. The leaves are from 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) long and 1.5–4 cm (0.59–1.6 in) cm broad, dark green with reddish veins, and with an acute apex and coarsely toothed margins. The leaves and stems are usually slightly hairy. The flowers are purple, 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long, with a four-lobed corolla about 5 mm (0.20 in) diameter; they are produced in whorls (verticillasters) around the stem, forming thick, blunt spikes. Flowering is from mid to late summer. The chromosome number is variable, with 2n counts of 66, 72, 84, and 120 recorded.
Menthyl Lactate
Menthyl lactate is a cooling agent. It is a derivative of menthol but it is milder and less irritating than menthol.
Methyl ionone
Fragrance ingredient.
Methylene Bis-Benzotriazolyl Tetramethylbutylphenol (Nano)
Organic UV filter.
Microcrystalline Cellulose
Microcrystalline Cellulose is a cellulose and is derived from high quality wood pulp. While cellulose is the most abundant organic material, Microcrystalline Cellulose can only be derived from a special grade of alpha cellulose. It is a white, odourless, tasteless, extra free flowing powder which is relatively free from organic and non-organic contaminants. It is metabolically inert, and has excellent water absorptive, swelling dispersion properties. In our formulations is used as emulsion stabilizer and viscosity modifier.
Myristyl Myristate
A 100% natural, vegetable derived ester, combination of myristyl alcohol and myristic acid, for use as a co-emulsifier and opacifier.Myristic acid is named after the Nutmeg Myristica fragrans. Nutmeg butter is 75% trimyristin, the triglyceride of myristic acid. Besides nutmeg, myristic acid is also found in palm oil, coconut oil, butter fat, and spermacetin, the crystallized fraction of oil from the sperm whale. Myristyl Myristate gives to our products a silky, rich feel and a dry powdery feel.
Myrrhis odorata extract (myhhr)*
Used in perfumes, dentifrices, and skin topics. One of the gifts that the Magi offered to baby Jesus. Myrrh is a reddish-brown resinous material, the dried sap of the tree Commiphora myrrha, native to Yemen, Somalia and the eastern parts of Ethiopia. Its name entered English via the Ancient Greek, μύρρα. Myrrh is a constituent of perfumes and incense, was highly valued in ancient times, and was often worth more than its weight in gold. The Greek word for myrrh, μύρον, came to be synonymous with the word for “perfume”. In Ancient Rome myrrh was priced at five times as much as frankincense (the typical aromatic component of these days), though the latter was far more popular. It was said that the Roman Emperor Nero burned a year s worth of myrrh at the funeral of his wife, Poppaea. Pliny the Elder refers to myrrh as being one of the ingredients of perfumes, and specifically the “Royal Perfume” of the Parthians. He also says myrrh was used to fumigate wine jars before bottling.
Myrtus Communis (Myrtle) Leaf Extract*
Myrtle A native of Mediterranean, the attractive plant has been a symbol of innocence for many centuries. In fact, Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of beauty and love, apparently fount refugee in a Myrtle bush after she was created as a beautiful nude woman. Association with purity and chaste beauty becomes more apparent when one smells the clean, uplifting fragrance of Myrtle and the oil extracted from its flowers. The leaves and flowers were the major ingredients of “angel’s water”, a 16th century skin care lotion. The most important constituents of myrtle oil (up to 0.8% in the leaves) are myrtenol, myrtenol acetate, limonene and linalool. It is also used in folk medicine and reportedly relieves cramps, is relaxing in the bath and helps compat acne.

N

Niacinamide
Niacinamide and Niacin are a forms of vitamin B3. In cosmetics and personal care products, Niacinamide and Niacin are used in bath products, shampoos, hair tonics, skin moisturizers and other skin care preparations, and cleansing products. Niacinamide and Niacin enhance the appearance and feel of hair, by increasing body, suppleness, or sheen, or by improving the texture of hair that has been damaged physically or by chemical treatment. When used in the formulation of skin care products, Niacinamide and Niacin enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. Niacinamide is also called nicotinamide. Nicotinc acid is another name for Niacin. These ingredients are different forms of vitamin B3. Niacin is an essential nutrient required for normal metabolism. The U.S. Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) for Niacin is 20 mg. Niacinamide may also be used for the treatment of high cholesterol. Niacinamide is found in many foods, including yeast, meat, eggs, milk, green vegetables and cereal grains.

O

Olea europaea (olive) fruit extract*
The Olive is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and parts of Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8-15 meters in height. The silvery green leaves are oblong in shape, measuring 4-10 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted. The small white flowers, with four-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the last year s wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a small drupe 1-2.5 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested at the green stage or left to ripen to a rich purple color (black olive). The olive is one of the plants most cited in recorded literature. In Homer s Odyssey, Odysseus crawls beneath two shoots of olive that grow from a single stock. The Roman poet, Horace mentions it in reference to his own diet, which he describes as very simple: “As for me, olives, endives, and smooth mallows provide sustenance”. Lord Monboddo comments on the olive in 1779 as one of the foods preferred by the ancients and as one of the most perfect foods. Rich in monosaturated fats, olive oil is not only healthy to eat but it is also an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamin E and K, squalene, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants help slow the aging process as they neutralize the free radicals -the main agents responsible for the aging. Olive oil contains some of the most efficient antioxidants like polyphenols. It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and an excellent skin toner. Olive oil may improve rheumatic conditions, inflamed, irritated skin and sensitive skin. People in the Mediterranean have been aware of these beneficial properties for a long time so they used olive oil as a nutrient and skin care agent.
Olea europaea (olive) fruit oil
The Olive is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and parts of Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8-15 meters in height. The silvery green leaves are oblong in shape, measuring 4-10 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted. The small white flowers, with four-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the last year s wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a small drupe 1-2.5 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested at the green stage or left to ripen to a rich purple color (black olive). The olive is one of the plants most cited in recorded literature. In Homer s Odyssey, Odysseus crawls beneath two shoots of olive that grow from a single stock. The Roman poet, Horace mentions it in reference to his own diet, which he describes as very simple: “As for me, olives, endives, and smooth mallows provide sustenance”. Lord Monboddo comments on the olive in 1779 as one of the foods preferred by the ancients and as one of the most perfect foods. Rich in monosaturated fats, olive oil is not only healthy to eat but it is also an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamin E and K, squalene, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants help slow the aging process as they neutralize the free radicals -the main agents responsible for the aging. Olive oil contains some of the most efficient antioxidants like polyphenols. It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and an excellent skin toner. Olive oil may improve rheumatic conditions, inflamed, irritated skin and sensitive skin. People in the Mediterranean have been aware of these beneficial properties for a long time so they used olive oil as a nutrient and skin care agent.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit oil*
Olive Tree The Olive is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and parts of Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8-15 meters in height. The silvery green leaves are oblong in shape, measuring 4-10 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted. The small white flowers, with four-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the last year s wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a small drupe 1-2.5 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested at the green stage or left to ripen to a rich purple color (black olive).  The olive is one of the plants most cited in recorded literature. In Homer s Odyssey, Odysseus crawls beneath two shoots of olive that grow from a single stock. The Roman poet, Horace mentions it in reference to his own diet, which he describes as very simple: “As for me, olives, endives, and smooth mallows provide sustenance”. Lord Monboddo comments on the olive in 1779 as one of the foods preferred by the ancients and as one of the most perfect foods. Rich in monosaturated fats, olive oil is not only healthy to eat but it is also an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamin E and K, squalene, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants help slow the aging process as they neutralize the free radicals -the main agents responsible for the aging. Olive oil contains some of the most efficient antioxidants like polyphenols. It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and an excellent skin toner. Olive oil may improve rheumatic conditions, inflamed, irritated skin and sensitive skin. People in the Mediterranean have been aware of these beneficial properties for a long time so they used olive oil as a nutrient and skin care agent.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Husk Powder
Olea Europaea Husk Powder is the powder obtained from the dried ground huss of th e Olive.It is used as an abrasive to remove dead cells of the skin.​
Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract*
Olive Tree The Olive is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and parts of Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8-15 meters in height. The silvery green leaves are oblong in shape, measuring 4-10 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted. The small white flowers, with four-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the last year s wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a small drupe 1-2.5 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested at the green stage or left to ripen to a rich purple color (black olive). The olive is one of the plants most cited in recorded literature. In Homer s Odyssey, Odysseus crawls beneath two shoots of olive that grow from a single stock. The Roman poet, Horace mentions it in reference to his own diet, which he describes as very simple: “As for me, olives, endives, and smooth mallows provide sustenance”. Lord Monboddo comments on the olive in 1779 as one of the foods preferred by the ancients and as one of the most perfect foods. Rich in monosaturated fats, olive oil is not only healthy to eat but it is also an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamin E and K, squalene, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants help slow the aging process as they neutralize the free radicals -the main agents responsible for the aging. Olive oil contains some of the most efficient antioxidants like polyphenols. It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and an excellent skin toner. Olive oil may improve rheumatic conditions, inflamed, irritated skin and sensitive skin. People in the Mediterranean have been aware of these beneficial properties for a long time so they used olive oil as a nutrient and skin care agent.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Seed Powder
Peeling beads made of olive kernel. An excellent natural medium to be used in exfoliation. Carries all the properties of Olives.
Oleyl Alcohol
It is a clear, colorless liquid. It is found in a wide variety of products such as hair conditioners, skin moisturizers, skin cleansers and other skin care products.Oleyl Alcohol helps to form emulsions and prevent an emulsion from separating into its oil and liquid components. When used in the formulation of skin care products, it acts as a lubricants on the skin surface, which gives the skin a soft, smooth appearance.
Olive oil peg-7 esters
It is an ester with strong emolliency and lubricant properties that offers a distinctive skin smoothness and long-term moisturizing effects.
Olivoyl hydrolyzed wheat protein
Combination of olive oil and wheat proteins to get a natural origin surfactant. Its proteinic structure acts as a protective barrier on the skin, obstructing the direct attack of other much more aggressive chemical surfactants.
Olus (Vegetable) Oil*
Natural oil from organic cultivation. It forms a barrier on the skin that slows the loss of water, hence enhances skin hydration.
Olus Oil
Natural vegetable oil which forms a barrier on the skin that slows the loss of water, hence enhances skin hydration.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica (Barbary Fig) Seed Oil*
A natural oil from organic cultivation barbary fig with very powerful anti-oxidant properties, that slows down the aging of the cells. It reduces the appearance of the wrinkles and balances the redness.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica Stem Extract
Opuntia ficus-indica is a species of cactus that has long been a domesticated crop plant important in agricultural economies throughout arid and semiarid parts of the world. It is thought to possibly be native to Mexico.Some of the common English names for the plant and its fruit are Indian fig opuntia, barbary fig, and prickly pear, although this last name has also been applied to other less common Opuntia species.This hydrating extract is rich in antioxidants, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins​.
Origanum dictamnus (leaf) extract*
Patented ingredient with panacea properties. It was used in medicine in ancient Greece for its healing and antiinflammatory properties, to ease stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Studies show that it is an excellent antioxidant trapping free radicals which are responsible for the ageing of the skin. It also has antibacterial properties contributing to the stability of the cosmetics formulations. The plant Dictamo Origanum dictamnus (Dittany of Crete or Hop Marjoram) known in Greek as “δίκταμο” or in Cretan dialect “έρωντας” (love), is a tender perennial plant that grows 20-30 cm (8-12 in) high. It is indigenous to Crete, Greece, where it symbolizes birth and love. Its local name in Crete (“love”) is due to the fact that it likes to grow in very steep slopes on the rocky mountains of Crete. The young men used to show their courage and their love to their beloved ones by risking their lives picking it up and offering it to them. It was used in medicine in Ancient Greece for its pharmaceutical properties on stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Hippocrates in “The nature of Woman” recognized the cicatrical (epoulotic) and antiinflammatory properties of dictamo and is recommending it to help birth giving. Aristotles in “The history of animals” points out that wild beasts used to eat it to help them heal themselves when injured by hunters. The plant is also mentioned by Dioscorides. In the fantasy novel Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, dittany is the name of a substance which, when used magically, can prevent scarring if applied quickly enough after a cutting injury.
Origanum Dictamnus Flower/Leaf/ Stem Extract*
Patented ingredient with panacea properties. It was used in medicine in ancient Greece for its healing and antiinflammatory properties, to ease stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Studies show that it is an excellent antioxidant trapping free radicals which are responsible for the ageing of the skin. It also has antibacterial properties contributing to the stability of the cosmetics formulations. The plant Dictamo Origanum dictamnus (Dittany of Crete or Hop Marjoram) Known in Greek as “δίκταμο” or in Cretan dialect “έρωντας” (love), is a tenderperennial plant that grows 20-30 cm (8-12 in) high.It is indigenous to Crete, Greece, where it symbolizes birth and love. Its local name in Crete (“love”) is due to the fact that it likes to grow in very steep slopes on the rocky mountains of Crete. The young men used to show their courage and their love to their beloved ones by risking their lives picking it up and offering it to them.It was used in medicine in Ancient Greece for its pharmaceutical properties on stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Hippocrates in “The nature of Woman” recognized the cicatrical (epoulotic) and antiinflammatory properties of dictamo and is recommending it to help birth giving. Aristotles in “The history of animals” points out that wild beasts used to eat it to help them heal themselves when injured by hunters. The plant is also mentioned by Dioscorides.In the fantasy novel Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, dittany is the name of a substance which, when used magically, can prevent scarring if applied quickly enough after a cutting injury.
Origanum dictamus (dictamus) extract*
Patented ingredient with panacea properties. It was used in medicine in ancient Greece for its healing and antiinflammatory properties, to ease stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Studies show that it is an excellent antioxidant trapping free radicals which are responsible for the ageing of the skin. It also has antibacterial properties contributing to the stability of the cosmetics formulations. The plant Dictamo Origanum dictamnus (Dittany of Crete or Hop Marjoram), known in Greek as “δίκταμο” or in Cretan dialect “έρωντας” (love), is a tender perennial plant that grows 20-30 cm (8-12 in) high. It is indigenous to Crete, Greece, where it symbolizes birth and love. Its local name in Crete (“love”) is due to the fact that it likes to grow in very steep slopes on the rocky mountains of Crete. The young men used to show their courage and their love to their beloved ones by risking their lives picking it up and offering it to them. It was used in medicine in Ancient Greece for its pharmaceutical properties on stomach aches and complaints of the digestive system. Hippocrates in “The nature of Woman” recognized the cicatrical (epoulotic) and anti-inflammatory properties of dictamo and is recommending it to help birth giving. Aristotles in “The history of animals” points out that wild beasts used to eat it to help them heal themselves when injured by hunters. The plant is also mentioned by Dioscorides. In the fantasy novel Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, dittany is the name of a substance which, when used magically, can prevent scarring if applied quickly enough after a cutting injury.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder*
Oryza sativa is the plant species known in English as rice.
Oryza Sativa Starch
Oryza sativa is the plant species known in English as rice. The rice derived starch is used in our formulations mainly to control the viscosity of the preparation and/or or as binding agent.

P

P-anisic acid
Οrganic compound which is a carboxylic acid found naturally in anise and has antiseptic properties.
Panthenol
Vitamin B Complex factor. Panthenol is an active ingredient for sophisticated cosmetic skin care and hair care products. It improves the appearance of skin, hair and nails. D-Panthenol is the provitamin of D-Pantothenic acid (Vita min B5). D-Pantothenic acid plays a key role in the human intermediary metabolism. It is a part of the Coenzyme A. Deficiency of Vitamin B5 results in many dermatological disorder.
Parfum
Bioselect certified organic products contain only NATURAL mixtures for perfumes. No synthetic solvents contained.
Parfum*
Bioselect certified organic products contain only NATURAL mixtures for perfumes. No synthetic solvents contained.
Parfum**
Bioselect certified organic products contain only NATURAL mixtures for perfumes. No synthetic solvents contained.
Passiflora Incarnata Seed Oil
Passiflora incarnata, commonly known as Maypop, Purple passionflower, True passionflower, Wild apricot, and Wild passion vine, is a fast growing perennial vine with climbing or trailing stems. A member of the passionflower genus Passiflora, the Maypop has large, intricate flowers with prominent styles and stamens. One of the hardiest species of passionflower, it is a common wildflower in the southern United States. The Cherokee in the Tennessee area called it ocoee; the Ocoee River and valley are named after this plant, which is the Tennessee State Wildflower. The dried, ground herb is frequently used in Europe by drinking a teaspoon of it in tea. A sedative chewing gum has even been produced. In cooking, the fruit of this variety is sometimes used for jam and jellies or as a substitute for its commercially grown South American brother. Properties of the herb. Best used to help with sleep. If the fresh flowers are available, float them on water next to the bed for a wonderful sleep. A depressant to the motor side of the spinal cord. Slightly reduces arterial pressure while it increases the rate of respiration. Used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, neuralgia, sleeplessness and dysmenorrhea. (from Global Herb)
Paulinia cupana (guarana) extract*
Obtained from the crust seed from a plant grown in Brazil. The Plant – Guarana The word guarana comes from the Portuguese guarana, which has its origins in the Satere-Mawe language word warana. Guarana plays an important role in Tupi and Guarani Brazilian culture. According to a myth dating back to the Satere-Maue tribe, guarana’s domestication originated with a deity killing a beloved village child. In order to console the villagers, a more benevolent god plucked the left eye from the child and planted it in the forest, resulting in the wild variety of guarana. The god then plucked the right eye from the child and planted it in the village, giving rise to domesticated guarana. The Guaranis would make this tea by shelling and washing the seeds, followed by pounding them into a fine powder. The powder is kneaded into a dough and then shaped into cylinders. This product is known as guarana bread or Brazilian cocoa, which would be grated and then immersed into hot water along with sugar. This plant was introduced to western civilization in the 17th century following its discovery by Father Felip Betendorf. By 1958, guarana was commercialized. Guarana is traditional used as stimulant but it also to treat chronic diarrhea, headache, depression, fatigue, and chronic diarrhea. Guarana is a stimulant of the central nervous system, blood circulation and respiration. Studies suggest that guarana improves the cognitive function and helps to reduce weight. Studies on humans showed that guarana improved alertness and memory performance. These cognitive improvements cannot only be attributed to high caffeine content and other phytochemicals may be involved. The fat burning effect of guarana is well known among athletes. Studies show that guarana has some effect on fat metabolism (higher muscle glycogen levels and lower lactate levels). This effect is associated with the methylxanthine content of guarana. Guarana reduces platelet aggregation thereby reducing the risk of stroke and heart attack. Several studies show that guarana extract decreases platelet thromboxane synthesis and inhibits platelet aggregation. Besides caffeine, guarana contains many phytochemicals with antioxidant activity, which helps to protect our cells. These phytochemicals have anti-cancer effect, reduce the toxicity of some chemicals such as alcohol and carcinogens and help to protect our DNA.
Pectin
Pectin (from Ancient Greek: πηκτικός pēktikós, “congealed, curdled”) is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants. It was first isolated and described in 1825 by Henri Braconnot. It is produced commercially as a white to light brown powder, mainly extracted from citrus fruits, and is used in food as a gelling agent particularly in jams and jellies. It is also used in fillings, medicines, sweets, as a stabilizer in fruit juices and milk drinks, and as a source of dietary fiber. The main use for pectin (vegetable agglutinate) is as a gelling agent, thickening agent and stabilizer in food. The classical application is giving the jelly-like consistency to jams or marmalades, which would otherwise be sweet juices. Pectin also reduces syneresis in jams and marmalades and increases the gel strength of low calorie jams. For household use, pectin is an ingredient in gelling sugar (also known as “jam sugar”) where it is diluted to the right concentration with sugar and some citric acid to adjust pH. In some countries, pectin is also available as a solution or an extract, or as a blended powder, for home jam making. For conventional jams and marmalades that contain above 60% sugar and soluble fruit solids, high-ester pectins are used. With low-ester pectins and amidated pectins less sugar is needed, so that diet products can be made. Pectin is used in confectionery jellies to give a good gel structure, a clean bite and it confers a good flavour release. Pectin can also be used to stabilize acidic protein drinks, such as drinking yogurt, to improve the mouth-feel and the pulp stability in juice based drinks and as a fat substitute in baked goods. Typical levels of pectin used as a food additive are between 0.5 and 1.0% – this is about the same amount of pectin as in fresh fruit. In cosmetic products, pectin acts as stabilizer. Pectin is also used in wound healing preparations and specialty medical adhesives, such as colostomy devices. In ruminant nutrition, depending on the extent of lignification of the cell wall, pectin is up to 90% digestible by bacterial enzymes. Ruminant nutritionists recommend that the digestibility and energy concentration in forages can be improved by increasing pectin concentration in the forage.
Peg-100 Stearate
Emulsifier and co-emulsifier, presented only in non certified products.
Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Oil**
The true Pelargonium graveolens is an uncommon species in the Pelargonium genus, which is native to South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, while the plants cultivated under this name (spelled P. ‘Graveolens’) differ from the wild specimens and are of hybrid origin (a probable cross between Pelargonium graveolens, P. capitatum and / or P. radens, or other closely related species). Often called a geranium, as it falls within the plant family Geraniaceae, and was previously categorised under the same genus. The common P. ‘Graveolens’ or P. ‘Rosat’ has great importance in the perfume industry. It is cultivated on a large scale and its foliage is distilled for its scent. P. ‘Graveolens’ cultivars have a wide variety of smells, including rose, citrus, mint, coconut and nutmeg, as well as various fruits. However, the most commercially important varieties are those with rose scents.Pelargonium distillates and absolutes, commonly known as “geranium oil”, are sold for aromatherapy and massage therapy applications. They are also sometimes used to supplement or adulterate more expensive rose oils. The essential oil is an ingredient in a “natural” haemorrhoid treatment.
Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil*
The oil derived from the fruit. It is used as an emollient in organic formulations of cosmetics. Rich in Vitamins is used mainly for its antioxidant properties. The plant The word avocado comes from the Spanish word aguacate, which derives in turn from the Nahuatl (Aztec) word ahuacatl, meaning “testicle”, because of its shape. In some countries of South America such as Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, and Uruguay, the avocado is known by its Quechua name, palta. The tree grows to 20 metres (65 ft), with alternately arranged, evergreen leaves, 12-25 centimetres long. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5-10 millimetres wide. The pear-shaped fruit is botanically a drupe, from 7 to 20 centimetres long, weighs between 100 and 1000 grams, and has a large central seed, 3 to 5 centimetres in diameter. A whole medium avocado contains approximately 15% of the United States FDAs recommended daily amount of fat, though they are high in monounsaturated fat. Avocados also have 60% more potassium than bananas. They are rich in B vitamins, as well as vitamin E and vitamin K. In avocado is found a fatty triol (fatty alcohol) with one double bond, avocadene (16-heptadecene-1,2,4-triol), which has been tested for anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. These properties are likely related with the curative effects of avocado described for a number of ailments (diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal pains and high blood pressure).
Phenoxyethanol
It is used as a safe preservative, alternative to parabens. Oily liquid with a faint aromatic odor. Widely used as a fixative for perfumes, bactericide, and topical antiseptic. Also used as a fragrance. It has not been found to be a skin irritant or sensitizer.
Polyglyceryl-3 polyricinoleate
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Polyglyceryl-3 Stearate
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Polyglyceryl-5 Oleate
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Polyhydroxystearic acid
It is a widely used ingredient in skin care, beauty and cosmetic products. a suspending agent and emulsifier that is used to stabilize products. It is often used in formulas that contain an SPF component, such as sunscreens.
Pongamia Glabra (Karanja) Seed Oil*
A natural oil from Karanja tree of organic cultivation. Boosts UV protection and soothes the skin.
Potassium Cetyl Phosphate
It is a surfactant and emulsifying agent used as a detergent and cleansing agent, in a variety of beauty products and cosmetics, including shampoos, facial cleansers, exfoliants, sunscreens, moisturizers, and make up removers. Potassium Cetyl Phosphate is the potassium salt of a complex mixture of esters of phosphoric acid and Cetyl Alcohol, a multi-functioning fatty alcohol.
Potassium Hydroxide
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH. Along with sodium hydroxide, this colourless solid is a prototypical “strong base”. Physically it is a hydroscopic white powder. It is also sold in flakes or pellets. In skin care, potassium hydroxide is used in the neutalization process to adjust pH in the range that is beneficial for the skin.
Potassium Sorbate
Potassium sorbate is used to inhibit molds, and yeasts in many foods, such as cheese, wine, yogurt, dried meats, and baked goods. It can also be found in the ingredients list of many dried fruit products. Also, it is used in many personal care products to inhibit the development of microorganisms for shelf stability. It is used by many manufacturers as safe replacement for parabens.
Propanediol Dicaprylate
This product is a light ester, it is derived from corn and coconut and imparts a light skin feel.
Propylene glycol
It is an organic alcohol, most widely used in cosmetics and personal care products. Propylene Glycol is used in many types of cosmetic formulations including fragrances. Propylene Glycol attracts water and functions as moisturizer to enhance the appearance of skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. It is also used to help stabilize formulations.
Prunus Amugdalus Dulcis (Sweet almond) oil
Sweet Almond oil is expressed from the seeds of the almond tree Prunus dulcis. It contains 62-86% oleic acid, 20-30% linoleic acid other valuable fatty acids, rich in beta-sitosterol, squalene vitamin E. It is insoluble in water and hardly soluble in alcohol. Sweet almond oil is pale yellow liquid, nutty odor. It is an excellent emollient (leaves the skin soft, smooth conditioned), good nourishing revitalizing effect (penetrates well the skin), moisturizer lubricant, heals injured, chapped skin. This oil is used in creams, lotions, protecting healing creams, ointments, bath oils, makeup, sun care products, personal baby care products.
Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel oil*
Apricot kernel oil is taken from the kernel of the seeds yielded by the apricot tree Prunus armeniaca. It is often used in hairdressings and massage oils. It is an excellent softener for the delicate skin around the eyes, mouth and neck.
Prunus armeniaca (apricot) seed powder*
A natural, mild exfoliant from almond seeds.
Pullulan
It is a film former and binder. It appears as an ingredient in cosmetics and beauty products because of its solubility in water, and adhesive properties. Pullulan is seen as an ingredient in cosmetics and beauty products, specifically anti-aging products, because of its ability to provide an instant skin-tightening effect as it adheres to the skin. It is able to quickly form a sheer film that temporarily improves skin’s texture and appearance.
Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract*
Natural extract from apples of organic cultivation with anti-oxidant properties, rich in polyssacharides. It has a tightnening effect to the skin.

R

Rhodiola Rosea Root Extract
Protects skin from environmental damage, reduces the appearance of fine lines, gives skin a more youthful appearance. Rhodiola rosea actively reduces under-eye puffiness and sagging.
Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil*
Natural castor oil from organic cultivation. It enhances skin moisturization and softness. Creates a protective film on the skin.A compound with strong skin moisturizing properties.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract*
A flavoring and perfume from the fresh aromatic flowering tops of the evergreen shrub grown in the Mediterranean. Widely used in hair products, bubble baths, body and hand preparations, lipsticks, suntan products, perfumes and bath soaps. The Plant Rosemary is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which also includes many other herbs. Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m tall, rarely 2 m. The leaves are evergreen, 2-4 cm long and 2-5 mm broad, green above, and white below with dense short woolly hairs. The flowers are variable in color, being white, pink, purple, or blue.The name rosemary has nothing to do with the rose or the name Mary, but derives from the Latin name rosmarinus, which literally means “dew of the sea”, though some think this too may be derived from an earlier name.The fresh and dried leaves are used frequently in traditional Mediterranean cuisine as a herb; they have a bitter, astringent taste, which complements oily foods, such as lamb and oily fish. A tisane can also be made from them. They are extensively used in cooking, and when burned give off a distinct mustard smell, as well as a smell similar to that of burning which can be used to flavor foods while barbecuing.Rosemary, in the dried form, is extremely high in iron, calcium, and Vitamin B6. It is in fact more nutrient rich in its dry form than fresh rosemary across the board.Since it is attractive and tolerates some degree of drought, it is also used in landscaping, especially in areas having a Mediterranean climate. It can in fact die in over-watered soil, but is otherwise quite easy to grow for beginner gardeners. It is very pest-resistant.Rosemary is easily pruned into shapes and has been used for topiary. When grown in pots, it is best kept trimmed to stop it getting too straggly and unsightly, though when grown in a garden, rosemary can grow quite large and still be attractive. It can be propagated from an existing plant by clipping a shoot 10-15 cm long, stripping a few leaves from the bottom, and planting it directly into soil.Rosemary infusion is used to lighten blond hair, to condition, tone and strengthen all hair. It can also be used as an invigorating toner and astringent. Rosemary used in the bath strengthens and refreshes, especially when used following an illness.Rosemary helps to relax muscles, including the smooth muscles of the digestive tract and uterus. Because of this property it can be used to soothe digestive upsets and relieve menstrual cramps. Finally, several studies done in the last several years show that oil from the leaves of the very plant can help prevent the development of cancerous tumors in laboratory animals.
Ruscus Aculeatus Root Extract*
The plant Also known as Butcher’s Broom, it is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, and are borne singly in the centre of the cladodes. The female flowers are followed by a red berry, and the seeds are bird-distributed, but the plant also spreads vegetatively by means of rhizomes. Ruscus aculeatus occurs in woodlands and hedgerows, where it is tolerant of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs. It is also widely planted in gardens, and has spread as a garden escape in many areas outside its native range. The Extract – Properties It is most often recommended for the following conditions:Varicose veins, Phlebitis, Jaundice, Hemorrhoids, and Gravel. It has effectiveness in treating chronic blood clots of the lower limbs.

S

Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Extract
Α natural biotechnological ingredient. It protects the skin from the damage of free radicals. Promotes skin moisturization. Improves microcirculation, hence reduces the appearance of dark circles.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Flower/Leaf/ Stem Water*
What is it? The most abundant ingredient in all cosmetic formulations is water. Not all cosmetics use the same water though. In our formulations we use the organic floral water (hydrosol) which is the water remaining after the distillation of Salvia Officinalis (Sage). Clinically, the chemical components in the hydrosol are natural acids, which are hydrophilic (water-loving). How does it work? Water is slightly acidified and this is beneficial to the skin and the body. Thus hydrosol acts as a healing anti-inflammatory and mild, but therapeutic antiseptic. Bacteria do not live well in acidic environments, which is why acidic liquids such as vinegar make good preservatives for food items like pickles, Chile peppers and Olives. Acidic environment is astringent thus the hydrosol is useful in skin care products because astringents constrict and contract your skin’s tissues.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil**
The oil of sage is obtained by steam distillation from the flowering tops and leaves. Though employed in ancient times and in the Middle Ages for its curative properties, it seems to have fallen into disuse as a medicinal plant, though revived to a certain extent towards the end of the nineteenth century. It possesses properties of: anticonvulsive, antidepressant, antichloristic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrizing, deodorant, digestive, emmenagogue, euphoric, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, stomachic, tonic, uterine. It has mostly been employed in disordered states of the digestion, as a stomachic, and has also proved useful in kidney diseases. The oil and absolute are used as fragrance components and fixatives in soaps, detergents, cosmetics and perfumes or as astringent in skin fresheners. Traditionally used to treat sore gums and mouth ulcers and remove warts. The Plant – Sage Common sage is a small evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region (Greek: faskomilo).It is much cultivated as a kitchen and medicinal herb, and is also called Garden sage, Kitchen sage, and Dalmatian sage. In southern Europe related species are sometimes cultivated for the same purpose, and may be confused with the common sage. Although this plant was the one originally called by this name sage, a number of related species are now also called by it, and are described in more detail in the article on sage. The uses and benefits ascribed to it are many and varied, and are often shared with related species. Uses of common sage include:infusions, which are considered to have a calming effect, to soothe a sore throat and as a digestive agent preservative flavourings, for instance of cheese as a cooking flavouring, such as in sage and onion stuffing as a deodorizer preparation used from the extracts of the herb . Common sage is also grown in parts of Europe, especially the Balkans for distillation of the essential oil, though other species, such as Salvia triloba may also be harvested and distilled with it. A number of cultivars of the plant exist. The majority of these are cultivated more often for ornament than for their herbal properties. All these are valuable as small ornamental flowering shrubs, and for low ground cover, especially in sunny dry situations. They are easily raised from summer cuttings. Named cultivars include “Purpurascens”, a purple-leafed cultivar, considered to be strongest of the garden sages, Tricolor”, a cultivar with white, yellow and green variegated leaves, Berggarten”, a cultivar with huge leaves, – “Icterina”, a cultivar with yellow-green variegated leaves, Alba”, a white-flowered cultivar, Lavandulaefolia”, a small leaved cultivar. The Latin name for sage: salvia, means “to heal”. Although the effectiveness of Common Sage is often open to debate, it has been recommended at one time or another for virtually every ailment. Modern evidence supports its effects as an antihydrotic, antibiotic, antifungal, astringent, antispasmodic, estrogenic, hypoglycemic, and tonic. In a double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial, sage was found to be effective in the management of mild to moderate Alzheimer’ s disease.
Satureja Montana (Winder Savory) Oil**
The Plant Winter savory (Satureja Montana) is a perennial herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to warm temperate regions of southern Europe. It is native in the island of Crete where it is collected as self growing organic plant. It is a semi-evergreen, semi-woody subshrub growing to over 230 cm (7.5 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, oval-lanceolate, 1-2 cm long and 5 mm broad. The flowers are white. Properties of the Oil The oil is considered as Antifungal, Antiputrefactive, Carminative, Cicatrizant, Expectorant, Resolvent, Stimulant – Adrenal Cortex, Stimulant – Adrenal Glands, Stimulant – Mental and Vermifuge. It is recommended for the following conditions: Asthma, Bites – Insect, Bronchitis, Cramps – Intestinal, Deafness, Debility – Mental, Debility – Sexual, Digestion – Painful, Distention, Hearing Problems, Motivation – Lacking, Parasites – Intestinal, Sores, Spasm – Intestinal and Weak Nervous System. In our formulations is used for its antiseptic and aromatic properties.
Sclerotium Gum
A natural gum viscosity controling and gelling agent with skin smoothing properties.
Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Oil Unsaponifiables*
Anti-oxidant action against free radicals and sun exposure. Enhances skin moisturization.
Sesamum Indicum(Sesame) Seed Oil*
Sesame oil is produced from sesame seeds Sesamum indicum. It is a light yellow oil with a nutty aroma.This oil has aromatic, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.It is also used as a skin softener and contains elements active against lice.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed oil
It is a pure natural oil derived from the seeds of a plant (simmondsia chinensis). Jojoba oil is a clear oily tan liquid, no or faint odor. This oil is an excellent moisturizer emollient (prevents transdermal water loss), anti-wrinkle agent (provides smoothness softness), good lubricant (without oil film, penetrates the skin), protects partly from UV radiation.It penetrates skin rapidly and nourishes, softens and moisturizes.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil*
It is a pure natural oil derived from the seeds of a plant (simmondsia chinensis). Jojoba oil is a clear oily tan liquid, no or faint odor. This oil is an excellent moisturizer emollient (prevents transdermal water loss), anti-wrinkle agent (provides smoothness, softness), good lubricant (without oil film, penetrates the skin), protects partly from UV radiation. It penetrates skin rapidly and nourishes, softens and moisturizes.
Sodium Anisate
Sodium Salt of p-anisic acid. Anisic acid is an organic compound which is a carboxylic acid found naturally in anise and has antiseptic properties.
Sodium Benzoate
Sodium Benzoate is a type of salt that may occur naturally in some foods but is more likely to be chemically produced and added as a preservative to foods. Sodium benzoate naturally occurs in several fruits like apples, plums and cranberries. A few sweet spices contain small amounts of sodium benzoate, including cloves and cinnamon. The presence of sodium benzoate in these foods does not necessarily act to preserve them. In our formulations is used as mild preservative.
Sodium carboxymethyl betaglucan
It is used in cosmetics formulations as a compound for improving wound healing, soothing the irritated skin, and supporting the skin’s own antioxidant activity by protecting it from environmental damage while helping to retain moisture.
Sodium Chloride
Common salt. It usually comes into the formulation through neutralization process in order to achieve the desired pH.
Sodium Chloride (natural pH balanced)
It is an inorganic salt that acts as a viscosity ingreasing agent.
Sodium Citrate
Α naturally derived chelating agent.
Sodium Coco-Glucoside Tartrate
Naturally derived and mild surfactant.
Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate
Naturally derived and mild surfactant.
Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate
Sodium Cocoyl Isethionates, coco fatty acid, esters (2-sulfoethyl) and salts (sodium), are mild, biodegradable and high foaming anionic surfactants which provides gentle cleansing and soft skin feel.
Sodium dehydroacetate
Sodium Dehydroacetate is an ingredient with antimicrobial properties hence used as a preservative. It appears in a variety of products, including bath, skin care, sunscreen, fragrance, shaving, hair and nail care products.
Sodium Gluconate
A natural essential oil with mild antiseptic properties.
Sodium Hyaluronate
Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, a natural substance found in great abundance in young skin, synovial fluid and other tissues in humans and animals. Hyaluronic acid is a special mucopolysaccharide occurring naturally throughout the human body. It is the most effective humectant available and so is able to bind water within the intercellular structure of the skin. Its unmatched hydrating properties result finally in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. The consistency and tissue-friendliness of hyaluronic acid allows it to be used in skin-care products as an excellent moisturizer. It is one of the most hydrophilic molecules in nature and can be described as “Natures moisturizer”.
Sodium Hydroxide
The most common alkali used to neutralize the cosmetics formulation and achieve the Ph of the skin.
Sodium lauroamphoacetate
Sodium lauroyl glutamate
Softener and hair conditioner.
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate
Sarcosinate Surfactants are mild, biodegradable anionic surfactants derived from fatty acids and sarcosine (amino acid). These compounds features lather building and resistance to sebum delathering in cleaners, polymers, industrial chemicals, petroleum and lubricant products. Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate is used as a foaming and cleansing agent for shampoo, shaving foams and foam washes. It is used as a corrosion inhibitor and in formulating textile treatment agents.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate
Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate is an organic salt with a sweet, pleasant odor. When used in cosmetic products, it increases foaming capacity or stabilizes foams. It also helps to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified when used in skin care preparations. In skincare formulations it functions as a foaming or dispersing agent, and as a wetting agent in cosmetic products. In this function, it helps to wet body surfaces, emulsify or solubilize oils, and suspend soil. Compared to Sodium Lauryl Sulfate it shows significantly less irritating power. The very mild irritating effect can be further attenuated in certain formulations. Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Directive of the European Union. Some common characteristics of sodium lauryl sulfoacetate are that it is relatively non-hygroscopic (it does not absorb or retain moisture from the air) and is resistant to hydrolysis (it does not react with water to produce other compounds) even at high temperatures. It is especially stable at the common cosmetic pH range of 5.5 to 7.8. Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate is biodegradable and has shown in laboratory studies to undergo both primary and ultimate biodegradation. This product has a good toxicological profile which makes it an ingredient of choice for dentifrice (toothpastes), shampoos, cleansing creams, sensitive skin soap bars and shower gels.
Sodium Levulinate
Sodium Levulinate is the sodium salt of levulinic acid, and is used as a preservative and skin conditioning agent in cosmetics and personal care products. Levulinic acid is prepared in the lab from sucrose or in bulk from biomass.
Sodium Olivate (Saponified Olive oil)
It is a salt of olive oil fatty acids and are used as surfactants and viscosity increasing agents.
Sodium Phytate
Sodium salt of Phytic acid. Phytic acid occurs in nature in the seeds of cereal grains and is derived commercially from corn. It is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds. Phytic acid may be considered a phytonutrient, providing an antioxidant effect.
Sodium stearoyl lactylate
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate is multi-purpose cosmetic ingredient. Due to its amphiphilic character it is used as co-emulsifier, co-surfactant, or hair-care-products. Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate is a natural source self-emulsifier for oil in water emulsions. It is produced by the reaction between the acyl group of stearic acid (occuring in many animal and vegetable fats and oils eg cocoa) and lactic acid (found in milk products). Lactic acid and fatty acids are natural moisturizing factor (NMF) constituents that are found in the skin. This ingredient is an excellent viscosity enhancer, stabilizer, and conditioner. It is contributing to a complete, balanced and highly desirable emulsification system. In our products it is responsible for the soft, conditioned, talc-like feel to skin.
Sorbic Acid
Sorbic acid is naturally-derived preservative.
Sorbitan Sesquioleate
A naturally derived emulsifier and skin conditioner.
Sorbitan Stearate
A natural emulsifier.
Sorbitol
It is a thick, sweet alcohol that occurs naturally in fruit and is similar to glycerin. A natural preservative, it also provides shine and maintains moisture content.
Spilanthes Acmella Flower Extract
Acmella oleracea ( syn. Spilanthes oleracea, S. acmella) is a species of flowering herb in the family Asteraceae. Common names include toothache plant and paracress. In Brazil it is called jambú. Its extract exhibits skin conditioning properties while it also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
Stearic Acid
Occurs naturally in butter acids, tallow cascarilla bark and other fats and oils. The white waxy natural fatty acid, it is the major ingredient used in making bar soaps and lubricants. It is contained also in most cosmetics creams. It gives pearliness to hand creams.
Stevia Rebaudiana Extract
Stevia is a perennial shrub the leaves of which are used a s a sweetener as well as a traditional medicine for cardiovascular diseases among others. It is rich in flavonoids which have anti-radical properties and hence it is use in a wide range of cosmetic applications including moisturizing creams, after-sun care, shampoos, and anti-aging creams.
Sucrose Cocoate
A naturally derived moisturizer and emulsifier.
Sucrose Laurate
It is a mixture of Sucrose, also known as table sugar, combined with Lauric Acid. In our products Sucrose Laurate is used as emulsifying and skin conditioning agent.
Sucrose Polysoyate
This high molecular sucrose ester is made by combining soy and sugar ingredients. It forms an exceptional persistent semi-occlusive film on the skin. This film displays minimal migration, excellent wear-off resistance and provide improved actives deposition and retention. It also not only improves skin elasticity and suppleness, but gives the skincare product a smooth afterfeel.
Sucrose Stearate
It is a mixture of Sucrose, also known as table sugar, combined with Stearic Acid. In our products Sucrose Stearate is used as emulsifying and skin conditioning agent.

T

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate
Mild chelating agent, which helps to stabilize the formulation.
Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter*
Commonly referred to as Cocoa Butter, a vegetable oil derived from the seeds of the tropical Cacao tree, which becomes solid at room temperature. It softens the skin and protects it against environmental influences.
Theobroma cacao butter (cacao butter)*
Commonly referred to as Cocoa Butter, a vegetable oil derived from the seeds of the tropical Cacao tree, which becomes solid at room temperature. It softens the skin and protects it against environmental influences.
Tilia Cordata (Linden) Flower Extract*
A natural flavoring ingredient from the flowers of the tree grown in Europe and US. Widely used in many cosmetics preparations. The extract from the linden blossoms is reputed to have soothing, hydrating and astringent properties. Linden extract is often prescribed for use in bath salts and creams to soothe irritated skin. The Plant – Linden (Tilia Cordata) The Tilia species grow in temperate climates in the north. They are deciduous trees (leaves shed seasonally) that can grow to a height of 90 feet and may live up to 1,000 years. Herbal linden flower formulas typically call for either Tilia cordata, the small-leafed European linden also known as the winter linden, or Tilia platyphyllos, the large-leafed, early-blooming summer linden. Both species are frequently planted as ornamental trees along city streets. Depending on the species, their fragrance ranges from potent and sweet to quite rich. The dried flowers are mildly sweet and sticky, and the fruit is somewhat sweet and slimy. Linden tea has a pleasing taste, due in part to the aromatic volatile oil found in the flowers. Linden, an herb derived from various species of Tilia, has been used in European folk medicine for centuries to treat a wide range of health problems. Tilia Cordata flowers is used in colds, cough, fever, infections, inflammation, high blood pressure, headache (particularly migraine), as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces smooth muscle spasm), and sedative. It also tones the venous (veins and capillary) system, while thinning the blood. Tilia cordata leaves is used to promote sweating (helpful for fevers), but decreases night sweats. Tilia cordata wood is used for liver and gallbladder disorders and cellulitis (inflammation of the skin and surrounding soft tissue). Tilia cordata charcoal is ingested to treat intestinal disorders and used topically to treat swelling (edema) or infection (such as cellulitis or ulcers) of the lower leg. It tones and help remove blemishes on the skin.
Titanium dioxide
Titanium Dioxide is found in nature as the mineral or it may be prepared by direct combination of titanium and oxygen. It is a white powder used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. It protects skin from UVA and UVB radiation and is considered to have no risk of skin irritation.
Tocopherol
Vitamin E is the collective name for a set of eight related tocopherols and tocotrienols, which are fat-soluble vitamins with antioxidant properties. Of these, α-tocopherol has been most studied as it has the highest bioavailability, with the body preferentially absorbing and using this form. Because the vitamin activity was first identified in 1936 from a dietary fertility factor in rats, it was given the name “tocopherol” from the Greek words “τοκος” [birth], and “φορειν”, [to bear or carry] meaning in sum “to carry a pregnancy,” with the ending “-ol” signifying its status as a chemical alcohol. In the cosmetics Vitamin E is used as an antioxidant which can protect the cells of the skin against free radicals and at the same time protect the product against oxidation. It is also an effective moisturizing agent and improves the elasticity of the skin. It can be used in skin care products for daily use, but it is particularly useful in sun care products.
Tocopheryl Acetate
Tocopheryl acetate, also known as vitamin E acetate, is a common vitamin supplement. It is the ester of acetic acid and tocopherol (vitamin E). Tocopheryl acetate is used as an alternative to tocopherol itself because the phenolic hydroxyl group is blocked, providing a less acidic product. It is believed that the acetate is slowly hydrolyzed once it is absorbed into the skin, regenerating tocopherol and providing protection against the sun s ultraviolet rays. Vitamin E is present in green leafy vegetables, wheat germ and other plant oils, egg yolks, and meat. Vitamin E is the collective name for a set of eight related tocopherols and tocotrienols, which are fat-soluble vitamins with antioxidant properties. Of these, α-tocopherol has been most studied as it has the highest bioavailability, with the body preferentially absorbing and using this form. Because the vitamin activity was first identified in 1936 from a dietary fertility factor in rats, it was given the name “tocopherol” from the Greek words “τοκος” [birth], and “φορειν”, [to bear or carry] meaning in sum “to carry a pregnancy,” with the ending “-ol” signifying its status as a chemical alcohol. It has been claimed that α-tocopherol is the most important lipid-soluble antioxidant, and that it protects cell membranes from oxidation by reacting with lipid radicals produced in the lipid peroxidation chain reaction. This removes the free radical intermediates and prevents the oxidation reaction from continuing. The oxidised α-tocopheroxyl radicals produced in this process may be recycled back to the active reduced form through reduction by other antioxidants, such as ascorbate, retinol or ubiquinol. The functions of the other forms of vitamin E are less well-studied, although γ-tocopherol is a nucleophile that may react with electrophilic mutagens, and tocotrienols may have a specialized role in protecting neurons from damage. However, the roles and importance of the various forms of vitamin E are presently unclear, and it has even been suggested that the most important function of vitamin E is as a signaling molecule, and that it has no significant role in antioxidant metabolism. In the cosmetics Vitamin E is used as an antioxidant which can protect the cells of the skin against free radicals and at the same time protect the product against oxidation. It is also an effective moisturizing agent and improves the elasticity of the skin. It can be used in skin care products for daily use, but it is particularly useful in sun care products.

U

Urea
It is a naturaly occured in human body ingredient. It is a colorless or white crystalline powder; it can also occur in the form of small white pellets. In cosmetics and personal care products, Urea can be found in many product types including skin care, coloring and noncoloring hair care products, and eye makeup. When used in the formulation of skin care products, Urea increases the water content of the top layers of the skin.

V

Vitis vinifera (Grape) Fruit Extract*
Red Grape extract, rich in Polyphenols, is not only used in the cosmetics for its anti-ageing and anti-puffiness properties but also due to its nutrients can hydrate and replenish the skin and offer protective properties against the environment and pollution. The Fruit A grape is the non-climacteric fruit that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or used for making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, wine and grape seed oil. Compounds such as resveratrol (a polyphenol antioxidant) have been discovered in grapes and these have been positively linked to fighting cancer, heart disease, degenerative nerve disease and other ailments. Resveratrol is found in wide amounts among grape varieties, primarily in their skins and seeds which, in muscadine grapes, have about one hundred times higher concentration than pulp. Anthocyanins tend to be the main polyphenolics in red grapes whereas flavan-3-ols (e.g., catechins) are the more abundant phenolic in white varieties. Total phenolic content, an index of dietary antioxidant strength, is higher in red varieties due almost entirely to anthocyanin density in red grape skin compared to absence of anthocyanins in white grape skin. Since the 1980s, biochemical and medical studies have demonstrated powerful antioxidant properties of grape seed oligomeric proanthocyanidins. Together with tannins, polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids, these seed constituents display inhibitory activities against several experimental disease models, including cancer, heart failure and other disorders of oxidative stress. Grape seed oil from crushed seeds is used for many perceived health benefits.
Vp/Eicosene Copolymer
It creates a film that gives water resistant properties to the sun protection products.

X

Xanthan Gum
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide used as a food additive and rheology modifier. It is produced by a process involving fermentation of glucose or sucrose. In cosmetics it is used to prepare water gels usually in conjunction with bentonite clays. Is also used in oil-in-water emulsions to help stabilize the oil droplets against coalescence. It has some skin hydrating properties.

Z

Zinc Oxide
Inert earth mineral with skin protecting and UV protection properties.